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Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) (cont.)

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What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?

In many instances, thrombocytopenia may have no symptoms, especially if mild, and it can be detected only incidentally on routine blood work done for other reasons. However, the symptoms and signs of thrombocytopenia may include:

  • Superficial bleeding into the skin resulting in small reddish spots (petechiae)
  • Fatigue
  • Easy or excessive bruising (purpura)
  • Prolonged bleeding cuts
  • Spontaneous bleeding from the gums or nose
  • Jaundice
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding that's unusual for the individual
  • Blood in the urine or stools
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Bleeding that will not stop
  • DVT (deep vein thrombosis)

What causes thrombocytopenia?

Low platelet counts or thrombocytopenia, can be caused by a variety of reasons. In general, they can be divided into:

  1. decreased platelet production,
  2. increased platelet destruction or consumption, or
  3. increased splenic sequestration (capturing of circulating platelets in the spleen).

Some of the most common and important causes of thrombocytopenia are outlined below.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/1/2016


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