(thiethylperazine maleate) Tablets
(thiethylperazine maleate) for Injection, USP
For Intramuscular Use Only
TORECAN (thiethylperazine) is a phenothiazine. Thiethylperazine is characterized by a substituted thioethyl group at position 2 in the phenothiazine nucleus, and a piperazine moiety in the side chain. The chemical designation is: 2-ethyl-mercapto-10-[3 †- (1 †-methyl-piperazinyl-4†)-propyl-1] phenothiazine.
Tablet, 10 mg, for oral administration
Active Ingredient: thiethylperazine maleate USP, 10 mg.
Inactive Ingredients: acacia, carnauba wax, FD&C Yellow No.5 aluminum lake (tartrazine), FD&C Yellow No.6 aluminum lake, gelatin, lactose, magnesium stearate, povidone, sodium benzoate, sorbitol, starch, stearic acid, sucrose, talc, titanium dioxide.
Ampul, 2 ml, for intramuscular administration
Active Ingredient: thiethylperazine malate USP, 10 mg per 2 mL.
TORECAN (thiethylperazine) is indicated for the relief of nausea and vomiting.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Usual daily dose range is 10 mg to 30 mg.
Oral: One tablet, one to three times daily.
Appropriate dosage of TORECAN (thiethylperazine) has not been determined in pediatric patients.
Torecan (thiethylperazine maleate) Tablets, USP
- 10mg Each tablet contains 10 mg thiethylperazine maleate, USP.
- Bottles of 100 tablets (NDC 0054-4748-25).
Storage: Below 86°F (30°C). Dispense in tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP/NE
Torecan (thiethylperazine malate) Injection, USP
2 mL Ampul
Storage: Below 86°F (30°C); protect from light. Administer only if clear and colorless.
Serious: Convulsions have been reported. Extrapyramidal symptoms (E.P.S.) may occur, such as dystonia, torticoilis, oculogyric crises, akathisia and gait disturbances. Others: Occasional cases of dizziness, headache, fever and restlessness have been reported.
Drowsiness may occur on occasion, following an initial injection. Generally this effect tends to subside with continued therapy or is usually alleviated by a reduction in dosage.
An occasional case of cholestatic jaundice has been observed.
The physician should be aware that the following have occurred with one or more phenothiazines and should be considered whenever one of these drugs is used:
Extrapyramidal Symptoms: Serious - Akathisia, agitation, motor restlessness, dystonic reactions, trismus, torticollis, opisthotonos, oculogyric crises, tremor, muscular rigidity, akinesia - some of which have persisted for several months or years especially in patients of advanced age with brain damage.
Others: Hyperpyrexia. Behavioral effects suggestive of a paradoxical reaction have been reported. These include excitement, bizarre dreams, aggravation of psychoses and toxic confusional states. While there is no evidence at present that ECG changes observed in patients receiving phenothiazines are in any way precursors of any significant disturbance of cardiac rhythm, it should be noted that sudden and unexpected deaths apparently due to cardiac arrest have been reported in a few instances in hospitalized psychotic patients previously showing characteristic ECG changes. A peculiar skin-eye syndrome has also been recognized as a side effect following long-term treatment with certain phenothiazines. This reaction is marked by progressive pigmentation of areas of the skin or conjunctiva and/or accompanied by discoloration of the exposed sclera and cornea. Opacities of the anterior lens and cornea described as irregular or stellate in shape have also been reported.
DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE
TORECAN (thiethylperazine) is not a controlled substance.
TORECAN (thiethylperazine) Injection contains sodium metabisulfite, a sulfite that may cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms and life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptible people. The overall prevalence of sulfite sensitivity in the general population is unknown and probably low. Sulfite sensitivity is seen more frequently in asthmatic than in nonasthmatic people.
Since TORECAN (thiethylperazine) may impair mental and/or physical ability required in the performance of potentially hazardous tasks such as driving a car or operating machinery, it is recommended that patients be warned accordingly.
With the use of this drug to control postoperative nausea and vomiting occurring in patients undergoing elective surgical procedures, restlessness and postoperative CNS depression during anesthesia recovery may occur. Possible postoperative complications of a severe degree of any of the known reactions of this class of drug must be considered. Postural hypotension may occur after an initial injection, rarely with the tablet.
Should a vasoconstrictive agent be required, the most suitable are norepinephrifle bitartrate and phenylephrine.
Abnormal movements such as extrapyramidal symptoms (E.P.S.) (e.g., dystonia, torticollis, dysphasia, oculogyric crises, akathisia) have occurred. Convulsions have also been reported. The varied symptom complex is more likely to occur in young adults and children. Extrapyramidal effects must be treated by reduction of dosage or cessation of medication.
TORECAN (thiethylperazine) tablets contain FD&C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) which may cause allergic-type reactions (including bronchial asthma) in certain susceptible individuals. Although the overall incidence of FD&C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) sensitivity in the general population is low, it is frequently seen in patients who also have aspirin hypersensitivity.
Use in patients with bone marrow depression only when potential benefits outweigh risks.
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS), a potentially fatal symptom complex, has been reported in association with phenothiazine drugs. Clinical manifestations include: hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and evidence of autonomic instability.
The extrapyramidal symptoms which can occur secondary to TORECAN (thiethylperazine) may be confused with the central nervous system signs of an undiagnosed primary disease responsible for the vomiting, e.g., Reye†s Syndrome or other encephalopathy. The use of TORECAN (thiethylperazine) and other potential hepatotoxins should be avoided in children and adolescents whose signs and symptoms suggest Reye†s Syndrome.
Phenothiazine drugs may cause elevated prolactin levels that persist during chronic administration. Since approximately one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin-dependent in vitro, this elevation is of potential importance if phenothiazine drug administration is contemplated in a patient with a previously-detected breast cancer. Neither clinical nor epidemiologic studies to date, however, have shown an association between the chronic administration of phenothiazine drugs and mammary tumorigenesis.
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
When used in the treatment of nausea and/or vomiting associated with anesthesia and surgery, it is recommended that TORECAN (thiethylperazine) should be administered by deep intramuscular injection at or shortly before the termination of anesthesia.
Information for Patients
Patients receiving TORECAN (thiethylperazine) should be cautioned about possible combined effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants. Patients should be cautioned not to operate machinery or drive a motor vehicle after ingesting the drug.
Phenothiazines are capable of potentiating CNS depressants (e.g., barbiturates, anesthetics, opiates, alcohol, etc.) as well as atropine and phosphorous insecticides.
Laboratory Test Interactions
Information is not available concerning the excretion of TORECAN (thiethylperazine) in the milk of nursing mothers. As a general rule, nursing should not be undertaken while the patient is on a drug, since many drugs are excreted in human milk.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
Manifestations of acute overdosage of TORECAN (thiethylperazine) can be expected to reflect the CNS effects of the drug and include extrapyramidal symptoms (E.P.S), confusion and convulsions with reduced or absent reflexes, respiratory depression and hypotension. If the patient is conscious, vomiting should be induced mechanically or with emetics. Gastric lavage should be employed utilizing concurrently a cuffed endotracheal t.b. if the patient is unconscious to prevent aspiration and pulmonary complications. Maintenance of adequate pulmonary ventilation is essential. The use of pressor agents intravenously may be necessary to combat hypotension. The administration of epinephrine should be avoided since phenothiazines may induce a reversed epinephrine effect. The most suitable vasoconstrictive agents are norepinephrine and phenylephrine. Fluids should be administered intravenously to encourage diuresis. The value of dialysis has not been determined. If excitation occurs, barbiturates should not be used. It should be borne in mind that multiple agents may have been ingested.
Severe central nervous system (CNS) depression and comatose states. Use of TORECAN (thiethylperazine) is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., blood dyscrasias, jaundice) to phenothiazines.
Because severe hypotension has been reported after the intravenous administration of phenothiazines, this route of administration is contraindicated.
Usage in Pregnancy
TORECAN (thiethylperazine) is contraindicated in pregnancy.
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