What is Trianex and how is it used?
Trianex is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Topical Inflammatory Dermatoses, Oral Inflammatory and Ulcerative Lesions. Trianex may be used alone or with other medications.
Trianex belongs to a class of drugs called Corticosteroids, Topical.
What are the possible side effects of Trianex?
Trianex may cause serious side effects including:
- difficulty breathing,
- swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat,
- worsening of your skin condition,
- redness, warmth, swelling, oozing, or severe irritation of any treated skin,
- blurred vision,
- tunnel vision,
- eye pain,
- seeing halos around lights,
- increased thirst,
- increased urination,
- dry mouth,
- fruity breath odor,
- weight gain (especially in your face or your upper back and torso,
- slow wound healing,
- thinning or discolored skin,
- increased body hair,
- muscle weakness,
- mood changes,
- menstrual changes, and
- sexual changes
Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.
The most common side effects of Trianex include:
- burning, itching, dryness, or other irritation of treated skin,
- redness or crusting around your hair follicles,
- redness or itching around your mouth,
- allergic skin reaction,
- stretch marks,
- increased body hair growth,
- thinning skin,
- discoloration of the skin, and
white or “pruned” appearance of the skin (caused by covering treated skin with a tight bandage or other covering)
Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of Trianex. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Topical corticosteroids, such as Trianex® 0.05% (Triamcinolone Acetonide Ointment, USP), constitute a class of primarily synthetic steroids used as anti-inflammatory and antipruritic agents.
Each gram of Trianex® 0.05% (Triamcinolone Acetonide Ointment, USP) contains 0.5 mg of Triamcinolone Acetonide USP in a waterin-oil emulsion composed of Light Mineral Oil NF, Purifi ed Water USP, White Petrolatum USP, Heavy Mineral Oil USP, Mineral Wax, and Lanolin Alcohols NF. The white ointment is for topical use only.
Triamcinolone Acetonide has the molecular formula of C24H31FO6 and is designated chemically as Pregna- 1, 4-diene-3, 20-dione, 9-fl uoro-11, 21- dihydroxy - 16, 17- [(1-methylethylidene)bis (oxy)]-, (11ß, 16α)-. It has a molecular weight of 434.50 and the following structural formula:
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Trianex® 0.05% ( Triamcinolone Acetonide Ointment, USP ) is indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid responsivedermatoses.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Apply a thin film to the affected area two to four times a day.
Occlusive Dressing Technique
Occlusive dressings may be used for the management of psoriasis or other recalcitrant conditions. Apply a thin film of ointment to the lesion, cover with a pliablenonporous film, and seal the edges. If needed, additional moisture may be provided by covering the lesion with a dampened clean cotton cloth before the nonporousfilm is applied or by briefly wetting the affected area with water immediately prior to applying the medication.
The frequency of changing dressings is best determined on an individual basis. It may be convenient to apply Triamcinolone Acetonide Ointment under an occlusivedressing in the evening and to remove the dressing in the morning (i.e., 12-hour occlusion). When utilizing the 12-hour occlusion regimen, additional ointment shouldbe applied,without occlusion, during the day. Reapplication is essential at each dressing change.
If an infection develops, the use of occlusive dressings should be discontinued and appropriate antimicrobial therapy instituted.
Storage And Handling
Trianex® 0.05% (Triamcinolone Acetonide Ointment, USP ) is supplied in 430 g jars (NDC 67857-806-19).
KEEP THIS AND ALL DRUGS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 . You may also report side effects to Promius Pharma, LLC at 1-888-966-8766 .
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]
DISPENSE IN A WELL-CLOSED CONTAINER.
For external use only. Not for ophthalmic use.
Manufactured by: CMP Pharma, Inc. Farmville, NC 27828. Revised: Mar 2017.
The following local adverse reactions are reported infrequently with topical corticosteroids, but may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings. Thesereactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence:
- Acneiform eruptions,
- Perioral dermatitis,
- Allergic contact dermatitis,
- Macerationof the skin,
- Secondary infection,
- Skin atrophy,
- Striae and Miliaria.
No Information Provided
Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.
Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing's syndrome,hyperglycemia, and glucosuria in some patients.
Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition ofocclusive dressings.
Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of any potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area or under an occlusive dressing should be evaluated periodically forevidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests, and for impairment of thermal homeostasis. If HPA axis suppression orelevation of the body temperature occurs, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, substitute a less potent steroid, or usea sequential approach when utilizing the occlusive technique.
Recovery of HPA axis function and thermal homeostasis are generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms ofsteroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids. Occasionally, a patient may develop a sensitivity reaction to a particular occlusivedressing material or adhesive and a substitute material may be necessary.
Children may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity (see PRECAUTIONS).
If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.
In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occurpromptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.
These preparations are not for ophthalmic use.
A urinary free cortisol test and ACTH stimulation test may be helpful in evaluating HPA axis suppression.
Carcinogenesis And Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility
Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or the effect on fertility of topical corticosteroids.
Studies to determine mutagenicity with prednisolone and hydrocortisone showed negative results.
Teratogenic Effects Category C
Corticosteroids are generally teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. The more potent corticosteroids havebeen shown to be teratogenic after dermal application in laboratory animals. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women on teratogenic effectsfrom topically applied corticosteroids. Therefore, topical corticosteroids should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to thefetus. Drugs of this class should not be used extensively on pregnant patients, in large amounts, or for prolonged periods of time.
It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk.Systemically administered corticosteroids are secreted into breast milk in quantities not likely to have a deleterious effect on the infant. Nevertheless, caution should beexercised when topical corticosteroids are administered to a nursing woman.
Pediatric patients may demonstrate greater susceptibility to topical corticosteroid induced HPA axis suppression and Cushing's syndrome than maturepatients because of a larger skin surface area to body weight ratio.
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topicalcorticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol levels, and absence ofresponse to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.
Administration of topical corticosteroids to children should be limited to the least amount compatible with an effective therapeutic regimen. Chronic corticosteroid therapy may interfere with the growth and development of children.
Topically applied corticosteroids can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (see PRECAUTIONS).
Trianex® 0.05% ( Triamcinolone Acetonide Ointment, USP) is contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of thepreparation.
Topical corticosteroids share anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive actions.
The mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids is unclear. Various laboratory methods, including vasoconstrictor assays, are used to compareand predict potencies and/or clinical efficacies of the topical corticosteroids. There is some evidence to suggest that a recognizable correlation exists betweenvasoconstrictor potency and therapeutic efficacy in man.
The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors including the vehicle, the integrity of the epidermal barrier, and the useof occlusive dressings.
Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin increase percutaneous absorption. Occlusivedressings substantially increase the percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids. Thus, occlusive dressings may be a valuable therapeutic adjunct for treatment ofresistant dermatoses (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION). Once absorbed through the skin, topical corticosteroids are handled through pharmacokineticpathways similar to systemically administered corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are bound to plasma proteins in varying degrees. Corticosteroids are metabolizedprimarily in the liver and are then excreted by the kidneys. Some of the topical corticosteroids and their metabolites are also excreted into the bile.
Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:
- This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes.
- Patients should be advised not to use this medication for any disorder other than that for which it was prescribed.
- The treated skin area should not be bandaged or otherwise covered or wrapped so as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
- Patients should report any signs of local adverse reactions especially under occlusive dressing.
- Parents of pediatric patients should be advised not to use tight-fitting diapers or plastic pants on a child being treated in the diaper area, as these garments may constitute occlusive dressings.
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