(halobetasol propionate) Ointment, 0.05%
For Dermatological Use Only. Not for Ophthalmic Use.
Ultravate® (halobetasol propionate ointment) Ointment,0.05% contains halobetasol propionate,a synthetic corticosteroid for topical dermatological use. The corticosteroids constitute a class of primarily synthetic steroids used topically as an anti-inflammatory and antipruritic agent.
Chemically halobetasol propionate is 21-chloro-6α,9-difluoro-11β,17-dihydroxy-16β-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3-20-dione, 17-propionate, C25H31ClF2O5. It has the following structural formula:
Halobetasol propionate has the molecular weight of 485.It is a white crystalline powder insoluble in water.
Each gram of Ultravate Ointment contains 0.5 mg/g of halobetasol propionate in a base of aluminum stearate, beeswax, pen-taerythritol cocoate, petrolatum, propylene glycol, sorbitan sesquioleate,and stearyl citrate.
Ultravate Ointment 0.05% is a super-high potency corticosteroid indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Treatment beyond two consecutive weeks is not recommended, and the total dosage should not exceed 50 g/week because of the potential for the drug to suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.Use in children under 12 years of age is not recommended.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Apply a thin layer of Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) to the affected skin once or twice daily,as directed by your physician,and rub in gently and completely.
Ultravate (halobetasol propionate ointment) Ointment is a super-high potency topical corticosteroid; therefore, treatment should be limited to two weeks, and amounts greater than 50 g/wk should not be used. As with other corticosteroids, therapy should be discontinued when control is achieved. If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary.
Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) should not be used with occlusive dressings.
Ultravate® (halobetasol propionate ointment) Ointment, 0.05% is supplied in the following tube sizes:
15 g (NDC 0072-1450-15)
50 g (NDC 0072-1450-50)
Store between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F).
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA. Revised April 2003. FDA Rev date:
In controlled clinical trials, the most frequent adverse events reported for Ultravate Ointment included stinging or burning in 1.6% of the patients. Less frequently reported adverse reactions were pustulation,erythema,skin atrophy, leukoderma, acne, itching, secondary infection, telangiectasia, urticaria, dry skin, miliaria, paresthesia, and rash.
The following additional local adverse reactions are reported infrequently with topical corticosteroids, and they may occur more frequently with high potency corticosteroids, such as Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) . These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infection, striae and miliaria.
No information provided.
No information provided.
Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment. Manifestations of Cushing's syndrome,hyperglycemia, and glucosuria can also be produced in some patients by systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids while on treatment.
Patients applying a topical steroid to a large surface area or to areas under occlusion should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression. This may be done by using the ACTH stimulation, A.M.plasma cortisol, and urinary free-cortisol tests. Patients receiving super potent corticosteroids should not be treated for more than 2 weeks at a time and only small areas should be treated at any one time due to the increased risk of HPA suppression.
Ultravate Ointment produced HPA axis suppression when used in divided doses at 7 grams per day for one week in patients with psoriasis. These effects were reversible upon discontinuation of treatment.
If HPA axis suppression is noted,an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug,to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent corticosteroid. Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt upon discontinuation of topical corticosteroids. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency may occur requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids. For information on systemic supplementation, see prescribing information for those products.
If irritation develops, Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation as with most topical products not containing corticosteroids. Such an observation should be corroborated with appropriate diagnostic patch testing.
If concomitant skin infections are present or develop, an appropriate antifungal or anti-bacterial agent should be used. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, use of Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.
The following tests may be helpful in evaluating patients for HPA axis suppression:ACTH-stimulation test; A.M.plasma cortisol test; Urinary free-cortisol test.
Carcinogenesis,Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility
Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of halobetasol propionate.
Positive mutagenicity effects were observed in two genotoxicity assays. Halobetasol propionate was positive in a Chinese hamster micronucleus test, and in a mouse lymphoma gene mutation assay in vitro.
Studies in the rat following oral administration at dose levels up to 50 µg/kg/day indicated no impairment of fertility or general reproductive performance.
In other genotoxicity testing,halobetasol propionate was not found to be genotoxic in the Ames/Salmonella assay, in the sister chromatid exchange test in somatic cells of the Chinese hamster, in chromosome aberration studies of germinal and somatic cells of rodents, and in a mammalian spot test to determine point mutations.
Teratogenic effects:Pregnancy Category C
Corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. Some corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application in laboratory animals.
Halobetasol propionate has been shown to be teratogenic in SPF rats and chinchilla-type rabbits when given systemically during gestation at doses of 0.04 to 0.1 mg/kg in rats and 0.01 mg/kg in rabbits. These doses are approximately 13,33 and 3 times, respectively, the human topical dose of Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) . Halobetasol propionate was embryotoxic in rabbits but not in rats.
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of the teratogenic potential of halobetasol propionate in pregnant women. Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corti-costeroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness of Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) in pediatric patients have not been established and use in pediatric patients under 12 is not recommended.Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass,pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of HPA axis suppression and Cushing's syndrome when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are therefore also at greater risk of adrenal insufficiency during or after withdrawal of treatment. Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in infants and children.
HPA axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome,linear growth retardation,delayed weight gain and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include low plasma cortisol levels and an absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.
Of approximately 850 patients treated with Ultravate® (halobetasol propionate ointment) Ointment in clinical studies,21% were 61 years and over and 6% were 71 years and over.No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients; and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients,but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
Topically applied Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (see PRECAUTIONS).
Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) is contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.
Like other topical corticosteroids,halobetasol propionate has anti-inflammatory,antipruritic and vasoconstrictive actions.The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids,in general,is unclear.However,corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins,collectively called lipocortins.It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.
The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors including the vehicle and the integrity of the epidermal barrier. Occlusive dressings with hydrocortisone for up to 24 hours have not been demonstrated to increase penetration; however,occlusion of hydrocortisone for 96 hours markedly enhances penetration. Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin may increase percutaneous absorption.
Studies performed with Ultravate Ointment (halobetasol propionate ointment) indicate that it is in the super-high range of potency as compared with other topical corticosteroids.
Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:
- The medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only.Avoid contact with the eyes.
- The medication should not be used for any disorder other than that for which it was prescribed.
- The treated skin area should not be bandaged, otherwise covered or wrapped,so as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
- Patients should report to their physician any signs of local adverse reactions.
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