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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) and Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Medications

Medical Editor:

What are the different types of urinary tract infection and bladder infection medicines?

The urinary tract includes the bladder, ureters, urethra, and kidneys. When bacteria travels up the urethra, it can travel into the bladder or kidneys, causing infection. Bladder infection is called cystitis. In most cases, antibiotics are used. Commonly prescribed antibiotics to treat bacterial urinary tract infections and bladder infections include Levaquin (levofloxacin), Cipro, Proquin (ciprofloxacin), Keflex (cephalexin), Zotrim, Bactrim (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole), Macrobid, Furadantin (nitrofurantoin), Monurol (fosfomycin), Hiprex (methenamine hippurate), Trimpex, Proloprim, Primsol (trimethoprim), and NegGram (nalidixic acid). Cystitis may also be treated with pain relievers such as Pyridium (phenazopyridine).

What are common side effects of urinary tract infection and bladder infection medications?

Side effects of antibiotics used to treat urinary tract infection and bladder infection include nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, or trouble sleeping. Other severe and less common side effects include new signs of infection (for example, fever and persistent sore throat), eye pain, vision changes, mood changes, easy bruising/bleeding, and pain/numbness/burning/tingling/weakness in any part of the body.

Side effects of urinary tract and bladder infection pain relievers include headache, dizziness, or stomach upset. Serious side effects include fever, yellowing skin or eyes, easy bruising or bleeding, dark or bloody urine, change in the amount of urine, abdominal pain, vomiting, chills, unusual tiredness, shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, and seizures.

Where can people find more information about side effects of prescription urinary tract infection and bladder infection drugs?

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Always consult your doctor if you are having unexplained symptoms or questions related to your medications. For more information about side effects of urinary tract infection and bladder infection medications, search for the drug and click on the drug's "Side Effects Center" on the top left side of the page.

Reviewed on 4/29/2016

Reviewed by:
Michael Wolff, MD
American Board of Urology

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