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Uveitis (cont.)

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What are the signs of uveitis?

The eyes are often red and typically a deeper red than that seen in pinkeye (conjunctivitis).

Aside from the redness of the eye(s), the only other visible signs of uveitis are microscopic and can be seen by an ophthalmologist or optometrist using a slit lamp microscope. Inflammatory white blood cells can be visualized in and around the uvea.

What are the different types of uveitis?

The different types of uveitis are classified based on which parts of the uvea are affected: iritis (iris), cyclitis or intermediate uveitis (ciliary body), choroiditis (choroid), or panuveitis (all three parts of the uvea).

Different types are then further classified by cause: autoimmune (when associated with an autoimmune disease in the body), infectious (when caused by a bacteria, virus, fungus, or parasite), traumatic (after trauma to either eye), or idiopathic (no identifiable cause).

What other medical conditions are associated with uveitis?

Several autoimmune diseases can be associated with uveitis: sarcoidosis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis, to name a few. Several infections in the body can also be associated: tuberculosis, Lyme disease, syphilis, herpes zoster (shingles), and others.

What specialties treat uveitis?

If an associated medical disease is suspected, your eye doctor (ophthalmologist) may ask you to see other doctors, as well. A primary-care doctor or pediatrician will likely be involved in the work-up, and additional specialists such as a rheumatologist or infectious-disease doctor may be consulted.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/20/2016


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