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Venclexta

Last reviewed on RxList: 11/2/2020
Drug Description

What is Venclexta and how is it used?

Venclexta is a prescription medicine used:

It is not known if Venclexta is safe and effective in children.

What are the possible side effects of Venclexta?

Venclexta can cause serious side effects, including:

  • See "What is the most important information I should know about Venclexta?"
  • Low white blood cell count (neutropenia). Low white blood cell counts are common with Venclexta but can also be severe. Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood counts during treatment with Venclexta.
  • Infections. Death and serious infections such as pneumonia and blood infection (sepsis) have happened during treatment with Venclexta. Your healthcare provider will closely monitor and treat you right away if you have fever or any signs of infection during treatment with Venclexta.

Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a fever or any signs of an infection during treatment with Venclexta.

The most common side effects of Venclexta when used in combination with obinutuzumab or rituximab or alone in people with CLL or SLL include:

  • low platelet counts
  • low red blood cell counts
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • upper respiratory tract infection
  • cough
  • muscle and joint pain
  • tiredness
  • swelling of your arms, legs, hands, and feet

The most common side effects of Venclexta in combination with azacitidine or decitabine or low-dose cytarabine in people with AML include:

  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • low platelet counts
  • constipation
  • fever with low white blood cell counts
  • low red blood cell counts
  • infection in blood
  • rash
  • dizziness
  • low blood pressure
  • fever
  • swelling of your arms, legs, hands, and feet
  • vomiting
  • tiredness
  • shortness of breath
  • bleeding
  • infection in lung
  • stomach (abdominal) pain
  • pain in muscles or back
  • cough
  • sore throat

Venclexta may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have concerns about fertility.

These are not all the possible side effects of Venclexta. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA1088.

DESCRIPTION

Venetoclax is a selective inhibitor of BCL-2 protein. It is a light yellow to dark yellow solid with the empirical formula C45H50ClN7O7S and a molecular weight of 868.44. Venetoclax has very low aqueous solubility. Venetoclax is described chemically as 4-(4-{[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-4,4- dimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl]methyl}piperazin-1-yl)-N-({3-nitro-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}sulfonyl)-2-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yloxy)benzamide) and has the following chemical structure:

VENCLEXTA® (venetoclax) Structural Formula Illustration

VENCLEXTA tablets for oral administration are supplied as pale yellow or beige tablets that contain 10, 50, or 100 mg venetoclax as the active ingredient. Each tablet also contains the following inactive ingredients: copovidone, colloidal silicon dioxide, polysorbate 80, sodium stearyl fumarate, and calcium phosphate dibasic. In addition, the 10 mg and 100 mg coated tablets include the following: iron oxide yellow, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, talc, and titanium dioxide. The 50 mg coated tablets also include the following: iron oxide yellow, iron oxide red, iron oxide black, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, polyethylene glycol and titanium dioxide. Each tablet is debossed with “V” on one side and “10”, “50” or “100” corresponding to the tablet strength on the other side.

Indications & Dosage

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INDICATIONS

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

VENCLEXTA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

VENCLEXTA is indicated in combination with azacitidine, or decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults 75 years or older, or who have comorbidities that preclude use of intensive induction chemotherapy.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Important Safety Information

Assess patient-specific factors for level of risk of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) and provide prophylactic hydration and anti-hyperuricemics to patients prior to first dose of VENCLEXTA to reduce risk of TLS [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Recommended Dosage For Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

VENCLEXTA dosing begins with a 5-week ramp-up. The 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule is designed to gradually reduce tumor burden (debulk) and decrease the risk of TLS.

VENCLEXTA 5-week Dose Ramp-Up Schedule

Administer VENCLEXTA according to the 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule to the recommended dosage of 400 mg orally once daily as shown in Table 1.

 Table 1: Dosing Schedule for 5-Week Ramp-Up Phase for Patients with CLL/SLL

VENCLEXTA Oral Daily Dose
Week 120 mg
Week 250 mg
Week 3100 mg
Week 4200 mg
Week 5 and beyond400 mg

The CLL/SLL Starting Pack provides the first 4 weeks of VENCLEXTA according to the ramp-up schedule. The 400 mg dose is achieved using 100 mg tablets supplied in bottles [see HOW SUPPLIED/Storage And Handling].

In Combination With Obinutuzumab

Start obinutuzumab administration at 100 mg on Cycle 1 Day 1, followed by 900 mg on Cycle 1 Day 2. Administer 1000 mg on Days 8 and 15 of Cycle 1 and on Day 1 of each subsequent 28day cycle for a total of 6 cycles. Refer to the obinutuzumab prescribing information for additional dosing information.

On Cycle 1 Day 22, start VENCLEXTA according to the 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule (see Table 1). After completing the ramp-up phase on Cycle 2 Day 28, continue VENCLEXTA at a dose of 400 mg orally once daily from Cycle 3 Day 1 until the last day of Cycle 12.

In Combination With Rituximab

Start rituximab administration after the patient has completed the 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule for VENCLEXTA (see Table 1) and has received VENCLEXTA at the recommended dosage of 400 mg orally once daily for 7 days. Administer rituximab on Day 1 of each 28-day cycle for 6 cycles, at a dose of 375 mg/m² intravenously for Cycle 1 and 500 mg/m² intravenously for Cycles 2-6. Continue VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily for 24 months from Cycle 1 Day 1 of rituximab.

Refer to the rituximab prescribing information for additional dosing information.

Monotherapy

The recommended dosage of VENCLEXTA is 400 mg once daily after completion of the 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule (see Table 1). Continue VENCLEXTA until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Recommended Dosage For Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The recommended dosage and ramp-up of VENCLEXTA depends upon the combination agent. Follow the dosing schedule, including the 3-day or 4-day dose ramp-up, as shown in Table 2. Start VENCLEXTA administration on Cycle 1 Day 1 in combination with:

  • Azacitidine 75 mg/m² intravenously or subcutaneously once daily on Days 1-7 of each 28day cycle; OR
  • Decitabine 20 mg/m² intravenously once daily on Days 1-5 of each 28-day cycle; OR
  • Cytarabine 20 mg/m² subcutaneously once daily on Days 1-10 of each 28-day cycle.

Table 2: Dosing Schedule for 3-or 4-Day Ramp-up Phase in Patients with AML

VENCLEXTA
Oral Daily Dose
Day 1100mg
Day 2200 mg
Day 3400 mg
Days 4 and beyond400 mg orally once daily of each 28-day cycle in combination with azacitidine or decitabine600 mg orally once daily of each 28-day cycle in combination with low-dose cytarabine

Continue VENCLEXTA, in combination with azacitidine or decitabine or low-dose cytarabine, until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Refer to Clinical Studies and Prescribing Information for azacitidine, decitabine, or cytarabine for additional dosing information.

Risk Assessment And Prophylaxis For Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Patients treated with VENCLEXTA may develop tumor lysis syndrome. Refer to the appropriate section below for specific details on management. Assess patient-specific factors for level of risk of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) and provide prophylactic hydration and anti-hyperuricemics to patients prior to first dose of VENCLEXTA to reduce risk of TLS.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

VENCLEXTA can cause rapid reduction in tumor and thus poses a risk for TLS in the initial 5week ramp-up phase. Changes in blood chemistries consistent with TLS that require prompt management can occur as early as 6 to 8 hours following the first dose of VENCLEXTA and at each dose increase.

The risk of TLS is a continuum based on multiple factors, including tumor burden and comorbidities. Reduced renal function (creatinine clearance [CLcr] <80 mL/min) further increases the risk. Perform tumor burden assessments, including radiographic evaluation (e.g., CT scan), assess blood chemistry (potassium, uric acid, phosphorus, calcium, and creatinine) in all patients and correct pre-existing abnormalities prior to initiation of treatment with VENCLEXTA. The risk may decrease as tumor burden decreases [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use In Specific Populations].

Table 3 below describes the recommended TLS prophylaxis and monitoring during VENCLEXTA treatment based on tumor burden determination from clinical trial data. Consider all patient comorbidities before final determination of prophylaxis and monitoring schedule.

Table 3: Recommended TLS Prophylaxis Based on Tumor Burden in Patients with CLL/SLL

Tumor BurdenProphylaxisBlood Chemistry Monitoringc,d
HydrationaAnti- hyperuricemicsSetting and Frequency of Assessments
LowAll LN <5 cm AND ALC <25 x109/LOral (1.5 to 2 L)AllopurinolbOutpatient
  • For first dose of 20 mg and 50 mg: Pre-dose, 6 to 8 hours, 24 hours
  • For subsequent ramp-up doses: Pre-dose
MediumAny LN 5 to <10 cm OR ALC ≥25 x109/LOral (1.5 to 2 L) and consider additional intravenousAllopurinolOutpatient
  • For first dose of 20 mg and 50 mg: Pre-dose, 6 to 8 hours, 24 hours
  • For subsequent ramp-up doses: Pre-dose
  • For first dose of 20 mg and 50 mg: Consider hospitalization for patients with CLcr <80ml/min; see below for monitoring in hospital
HighAny LN >10 cm OR ALC ≥25 x109/L AND any LN ≥5 cmOral (1.5 to 2 L) and intravenous (150 to 200 mL/hr as tolerated)Allopurinol; consider rasburicase if baseline uric acid is elevatedIn hospital
  • For first dose of 20 mg and 50 mg: Pre-dose, 4, 8, 12 and 24 hours Outpatient
  • For subsequent ramp-up doses: Pre-dose, 6 to 8 hours, 24 hours
ALC = absolute lymphocyte count; CLcr = creatinine clearance; LN = lymph node.
aAdminister intravenous hydration for any patient who cannot tolerate oral hydration.
bStart allopurinol or xanthine oxidase inhibitor 2 to 3 days prior to initiation of VENCLEXTA.
cEvaluate blood chemistries (potassium, uric acid, phosphorus, calcium, and creatinine); review in real time.
dFor patients at risk of TLS, monitor blood chemistries at 6 to 8 hours and at 24 hours at each subsequent ramp-up dose.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • All patients should have white blood cell count less than 25 × 109/L prior to initiation of VENCLEXTA. Cytoreduction prior to treatment may be required.
  • Prior to first VENCLEXTA dose, provide all patients with prophylactic measures including adequate hydration and anti-hyperuricemic agents and continue during ramp-up phase.
  • Assess blood chemistry (potassium, uric acid, phosphorus, calcium, and creatinine) and correct pre-existing abnormalities prior to initiation of treatment with VENCLEXTA.
  • Monitor blood chemistries for TLS at pre-dose, 6 to 8 hours after each new dose during ramp-up and 24 hours after reaching final dose.
  • For patients with risk factors for TLS (e.g., circulating blasts, high burden of leukemia involvement in bone marrow, elevated pretreatment lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, or reduced renal function), consider additional measures, including increased laboratory monitoring and reducing VENCLEXTA starting dose.

Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

The recommended dosage modifications for VENCLEXTA for adverse reactions are provided in Table 4 and the recommended dose reductions for VENCLEXTA for adverse reactions are provided in Table 5.

For patients who have had a dosage interruption greater than 1 week during the first 5 weeks of ramp-up phase or greater than 2 weeks after completing the ramp-up phase, reassess for risk of TLS to determine if re-initiation with a reduced dose is necessary (e.g., all or some levels of the dose ramp-up schedule) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Table 4: Recommended VENCLEXTA Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactionsa in CLL/SLL

Adverse ReactionOccurrenceDosage Modification
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Blood chemistry changes or symptoms suggestive of TLS [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]AnyWithhold the next day’s dose. If resolved within 24 to 48 hours of last dose, resume at same dose.
For any blood chemistry changes requiring more than 48 hours to resolve, resume at reduced dose (see Table 5).
For any events of clinical TLS,b resume at reduced dose following resolution (see Table 5).
Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions
Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicities [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]1st occurrenceInterrupt VENCLEXTA. Upon resolution to Grade 1 or baseline level, resume VENCLEXTA at the same dose.
2nd and subsequent occurrencesInterrupt VENCLEXTA. Follow dose reduction guidelines in Table 5 when resuming treatment with VENCLEXTA after resolution. A larger dose reduction may occur at the discretion of the physician.
Hematologic ADverse Reactions
Grade 3 neutropenia with infection or fever; or Grade 4 hematologic toxicities (except lymphopenia) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]1st occurrenceInterrupt VENCLEXTA. Upon resolution to Grade 1 or baseline level, resume VENCLEXTA at the same dose.
2nd and subsequent occurrencesInterrupt VENCLEXTA. Follow dose reduction guidelines in Table 5 when resuming treatment with VENCLEXTA after resolution. A larger dose reduction may occur at the discretion of the physician.
Consider discontinuing VENCLEXTA for patients who require dose reductions to less than 100 mg for more than 2 weeks.
aAdverse reactions were graded using NCI CTCAE version 4.0.
bClinical TLS was defined as laboratory TLS with clinical consequences such as acute renal failure, cardiac arrhythmias, or sudden death and/or seizures [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Table 5: Recommended Dose Reduction for Adverse Reactions for VENCLEXTA in CLL/SLL

Dose at Interruption, mgRestart Dose, mga
400300
300200
200100
10050
5020
2010
aDuring the ramp-up phase, continue the reduced dose for 1 week before increasing the dose.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Monitor blood counts frequently through resolution of cytopenias. Dose modification and interruptions for cytopenias are dependent on remission status. Dose modifications of VENCLEXTA for adverse reactions are provided in Table 6.

Table 6: Recommended VENCLEXTA Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions in AML

Adverse ReactionOccurrenceDosage Modification
Hematologic Adverse Reactions
Grade 4 neutropenia with or without fever or infection; or Grade 4 thrombocytopenia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]Occurrence prior to achieving remissionaIn most instances, do not interrupt VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine due to cytopenias prior to achieving remission.
First occurrence after achieving remission and lasting at least 7 daysDelay subsequent cycle of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine and monitor blood counts.
Upon resolution to Grade 1 or 2, resume VENCLEXTA at the same dose in combination with azacitidine, decitabine or low-dose cytarabine.
Subsequent occurrences in cycles after achieving remission and lasting 7 days or longerDelay subsequent cycle of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, or decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine and monitor blood counts.
Upon resolution to Grade 1 or 2, resume VENCLEXTA at the same dose in combination with azacitidine, decitabine or low-dose cytarabine, and reduce VENCLEXTA duration by 7 days during each of the subsequent cycles, such as 21 days instead of 28 days.
Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions
Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicities [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]Any occurrenceInterrupt VENCLEXTA if not resolved with supportive care. Upon resolution to Grade 1 or baseline level, resume VENCLEXTA at the same dose.
aRecommend bone marrow evaluation.

Dosage Modifications For Drug Interactions

Strong Or Moderate CYP3A Inhibitors Or P-gp Inhibitors

Table 7 describes VENCLEXTA contraindication or dosage modification based on concomitant use with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor or a P-gp inhibitor [see DRUG INTERACTIONS] at initiation, during, or after the ramp-up phase.

Resume the VENCLEXTA dosage that was used prior to concomitant use of a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor or a P-gp inhibitor 2 to 3 days after discontinuation of the inhibitor [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Table 7: Management of Potential VENCLEXTA Interactions with CYP3A and P-gp Inhibitors

Coadministered drugInitiation and Ramp-Up PhaseSteady Daily Dose (After Ramp-Up Phase)a
PosaconazoleCLL/SLLContraindicatedReduce VENCLEXTA dose to 70 mg.
AMLDay 1 - 10 mg Day 2 - 20 mg Day 3 - 50 mg Day 4 - 70 mg
Other strong CYP3A inhibitorCLL/SLLContraindicatedReduce VENCLEXTA dose to 100 mg.
AMLDay 1 - 10 mg Day 2 - 20 mg Day 3 - 50 mg Day 4 - 100 mg
Moderate CYP3A inhibitorReduce the VENCLEXTA dose by at least 50%.
P-gp inhibitor
aIn patients with CLL/SLL, consider alternative medications or reduce the VENCLEXTA dose as described in Table 7.

Dosage Modifications For Patients With Severe Hepatic Impairment

Reduce the VENCLEXTA once daily dose by 50% for patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C); monitor these patients more closely for adverse reactions [see Use In Specific Populations].

Administration

Instruct patients of the following:

  • Take VENCLEXTA with a meal and water.
  • Take VENCLEXTA at approximately the same time each day.
  • Swallow VENCLEXTA tablets whole. Do not chew, crush, or break tablets prior to swallowing.

If the patient misses a dose of VENCLEXTA within 8 hours of the time it is usually taken, instruct the patient to take the missed dose as soon as possible and resume the normal daily dosing schedule. If a patient misses a dose by more than 8 hours, instruct the patient to take the missed dose and resume the usual dosing schedule the next day.

If the patient vomits following dosing, instruct the patient to not take an additional dose that day and to take the next prescribed dose at the usual time.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Table 8: VENCLEXTA Tablet Strength and Description

Tablet StrengthDescription of Tablet
10 mgRound, biconvex shaped, pale yellow film-coated tablet debossed with “V” on one side and “10” on the other side
50 mgOblong, biconvex shaped, beige film-coated tablet debossed with “V” on one side and “50” on the other side
100 mgOblong, biconvex shaped, pale yellow film-coated tablet debossed with “V” on one side and “100” on the other side

Storage And Handling

VENCLEXTA is dispensed as follows:

Packaging PresentationNumber of TabletsNational Drug Code (NDC)
CLL/SLL Starting PackEach pack contains four weekly wallet blister packs:
  • Week 1 (14 x 10 mg tablets)
  • Week 2 (7 x 50 mg tablets)
  • Week 3 (7 x 100 mg tablets)
  • Week 4 (14 x 100 mg tablets)
0074-0579-28
Wallet containing 10 mg tablets14 x 10 mg tablets0074-0561-14
Wallet containing 50 mg tablets7 x 50 mg tablets0074-0566-07
Unit dose blister containing 10 mg tablets2 x 10 mg tablets0074-0561-11
Unit dose blister containing 50 mg tablet1 x 50 mg tablet0074-0566-11
Unit dose blister containing 100 mg tablet1 x 100 mg tablet0074-0576-11
Bottle containing 100 mg tablets120 x 100 mg tablets0074-0576-22
Bottle containing 100 mg tablets180 x 100 mg tablets0074-0576-34

VENCLEXTA 10 mg film-coated tablets are round, biconvex shaped, pale yellow debossed with “V” on one side and “10” on the other side.

VENCLEXTA 50 mg film-coated tablets are oblong, biconvex shaped, beige debossed with “V” on one side and “50” on the other side.

VENCLEXTA 100 mg film-coated tablets are oblong, biconvex shaped, pale yellow debossed with “V” on one side and “100” on the other side.

Store at or below 86°F (30°C).

Manufactured and Marketed by: AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL 60064 and Marketed by: Genentech USA, Inc., A Member of the Roche Group, South San Francisco, CA 94080-4990. Revised : Oct 2020

QUESTION

What is leukemia? See Answer
Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Neutropenia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Infections [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely variable conditions, adverse event rates observed in clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates of clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In CLL/SLL, the safety population reflects exposure to VENCLEXTA as monotherapy in patients in M13-982, M14-032, and M12-175 and in combination with obinutuzumab or rituximab in patients in CLL14 and MURANO. In this CLL/SLL safety population, the most common adverse reactions (≥20%) for VENCLEXTA were neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, diarrhea, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, cough, musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and edema.

In AML, the safety population reflects exposure to VENCLEXTA in combination with decitabine, azacitidine, or low-dose cytarabine in patients in M14-358, VIALE-A, and VIALE-C.

In this safety population, the most common adverse reactions (≥30% in any trial) were nausea, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, constipation, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, fatigue, vomiting, edema, pyrexia, pneumonia, dyspnea, hemorrhage, anemia, rash, abdominal pain, sepsis, musculoskeletal pain, dizziness, cough, oropharyngeal pain, and hypotension.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

VENCLEXTA In Combination With Obinutuzumab

The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with obinutuzumab (VEN+G) (N=212) versus obinutuzumab in combination with chlorambucil (GClb) (N=214) was evaluated in CLL14, a randomized, open-label, actively controlled trial in patients with previously untreated CLL [see Clinical Studies]. Patients randomized to the VEN+G arm were treated with VENCLEXTA and obinutuzumab in combination for six cycles, then with VENCLEXTA as monotherapy for an additional six cycles. Patients initiated the first dose of the 5-week ramp-up for VENCLEXTA on Day 22 of Cycle 1 and once completed, continued VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily for a total of 12 cycles. The trial required a total Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) >6 or CLcr <70 mL/min, hepatic transaminases and total bilirubin ≤2 times upper limit of normal and excluded patients with any individual organ/system impairment score of 4 by CIRS except eye, ear, nose, and throat organ system. The median duration of exposure to VENCLEXTA was 10.5 months (range: 0 to 13.5 months) and the median number of cycles of obinutuzumab was 6 in the VEN+G arm.

Serious adverse reactions were reported in 49% of patients in the VEN+G arm, most often due to febrile neutropenia and pneumonia (5% each). Fatal adverse reactions that occurred in the absence of disease progression and with onset within 28 days of the last study treatment were reported in 2% (4/212) of patients, most often from infection.

In the VEN+G arm, adverse reactions led to treatment discontinuation in 16% of patients, dose reduction in 21%, and dose interruption in 74%. Neutropenia led to dose interruption of VENCLEXTA in 41% of patients, reduction in 13%, and discontinuation in 2%.

Table 9 presents adverse reactions identified in CLL14.

Table 9: Adverse Reactions (≥10%) in Patients Treated with VEN+G in CLL14

Adverse ReactionVENCLEXTA + Obinutuzumab
(N = 212)
Obinutuzumab + Chlorambucil
(N = 214)
All Grades (%)Grade ≥ 3 (%)All Grades (%)Grade ≥ 3 (%)
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Neutropeniaa60566252
Anemiaa178207
Gastrointestinal disorders
Diarrhea284151
Nausea190221
Constipation13090
Vomiting10181
General disorders and administration site conditions
Fatiguea212231
Infections and infestations
Upper respiratory tract infectiona171171
aIncludes multiple adverse reaction terms.

Other clinically important adverse reactions (All Grades) reported in <10% of patients treated with VEN+G are presented below:

Blood and lymphatic system disorders: febrile neutropenia (6%) Infection and infestations (all include multiple adverse reaction terms): pneumonia (9%), urinary tract infection (6%), sepsis (4%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorder: tumor lysis syndrome (1%) During treatment with VENCLEXTA monotherapy after completion of VEN+G, the adverse reaction that occurred in ≥10% of patients was neutropenia (26%). The grade ≥3 adverse reactions that occurred in ≥2% of patients were neutropenia (23%) and anemia (2%).

Table 10 presents laboratory abnormalities CLL14.

Table 10: New or Worsening Clinically Important Laboratory Abnormalities (≥10%) in Patients Treated with VEN+G in CLL14

Laboratory AbnormalityaVENCLEXTA + Obinutuzumab
(N = 212)
Obinutuzumab + Chlorambucil
(N = 214)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hematology
Leukopenia90468941
Lymphopenia87578751
Neutropenia83637956
Thrombocytopeni a68287126
Anemia53154611
Chemistry
Blood creatinine increased806742
Hypocalcemia679584
Hyperkalemia414353
Hyperuricemia38383838
aIncludes laboratory abnormalities that were new or worsening, or with worsening from baseline unknown.

Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities that developed in ≥2% of patients treated with VEN+G included neutropenia (32%), leukopenia and lymphopenia (10%), thrombocytopenia (8%), hypocalcemia (8%), hyperuricemia (7%), blood creatinine increased (3%), hypercalcemia (3%), and hypokalemia (2%).

VENCLEXTA In Combination With Rituximab

The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with rituximab (VEN+R) (N=194) versus bendamustine in combination with rituximab (B+R) (N=188) was evaluated in MURANO [see Clinical Studies]. Patients randomized to VEN+R completed the scheduled ramp-up (5 weeks) and received VENCLEXTA 400 mg once daily in combination with rituximab for 6 cycles followed by single agent VENCLEXTA for a total of 24 months after ramp-up. At the time of analysis, the median duration of exposure to VENCLEXTA was 22 months and the median number of cycles of rituximab was 6 in the VEN+R arm.

Serious adverse reactions were reported in 46% of patients in the VEN+R arm, with most frequent (≥5%) being pneumonia (9%). Fatal adverse reactions that occurred in the absence of disease progression and within 30 days of the last VENCLEXTA treatment and/or 90 days of last rituximab were reported in 2% (4/194) of patients.

In the VEN+R arm, adverse reactions led to treatment discontinuation in 16% of patients, dose reduction in 15%, and dose interruption in 71%. Neutropenia led to dose interruption of VENCLEXTA in 46% of patients and discontinuation in 3% and thrombocytopenia led to discontinuation in 3% of patients.

Table 11: Adverse Reactions (≥10%) in Patients Treated with VEN+R in MURANO Table 11 presents adverse reactions identified in MURANO.

Adverse ReactionVENCLEXTA + Rituximab
(N = 194)
Bendamustine + Rituximab
(N = 188)
All Grades (%)Grade ≥ 3 (%)All Grades (%)Grade ≥ 3 (%)
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Neutropeniaa65625044
Anemiaa16112314
Gastrointestinal disorders
Diarrhea403171
Nausea211341
Constipation14<1210
Infections and infestations
Upper respiratory tract infectiona392232
Lower respiratory tract infectiona182102
Pneumoniaa1071410
General disorders and administration site conditions
Fatiguea22226<1
aIncludes multiple adverse reaction terms.

Other clinically important adverse reactions (All Grades) reported in <10% of patients treated with VEN+R are presented below:

Blood and lymphatic system disorders: febrile neutropenia (4%)

Gastrointestinal disorders: vomiting (8%)

Infections and infestations: sepsis (<1%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: tumor lysis syndrome (3%)

During treatment with VENCLEXTA monotherapy after completion of VEN+R combination treatment, adverse reactions that occurred in ≥10% of patients were upper respiratory tract infection (21%), diarrhea (19%), neutropenia (16%), and lower respiratory tract infections (11%). The Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions that occurred in ≥2% of patients were neutropenia (12%) and anemia (3%).

Table 12 presents laboratory abnormalities identified in MURANO.

Table 12: New or Worsening Clinically Important Laboratory Abnormalities (≥10%) in Patients Treated with VEN+R in MURANO

Laboratory AbnormalityVENCLEXTA + Rituximab
(N = 194)
Bendamustine + Rituximab
(N = 188)
All Gradesa (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Gradesa (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hematology
Leukopenia89468135
Lymphopenia87567955
Neutropenia86648459
Anemia50126315
Thrombocytopeni a49156020
Chemistry
Blood creatinine increased77<1781
Hypocalcemia625512
Hyperuricemia36363333
Hyperkalemia243192
aIncludes laboratory abnormalities that were new or worsening, or with worsening from baseline unknown.

Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities that developed in ≥2% of patients treated with VEN+R included neutropenia (31%), lymphopenia (16%), leukopenia (6%), thrombocytopenia (6%), hyperuricemia (4%), hypocalcemia (2%), hypoglycemia (2%), and hypermagnesemia (2%).

VENCLEXTA As Monotherapy

The safety of VENCLEXTA was evaluated in pooled data from three single-arm trials (M13982, M14-032, and M12-175). Patients received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily after completing the ramp-up phase (N=352). The median duration of treatment with VENCLEXTA at the time of data analysis was 14.5 months (range: 0 to 50 months). Fifty-two percent of patients received VENCLEXTA for more than 60 weeks.

In the pooled dataset, the median age was 66 years (range: 28 to 85 years), 93% were White, and 68% were male. The median number of prior therapies was 3 (range: 0 to 15).

Serious adverse reactions were reported in 52% of patients, with the most frequent (≥5%) being pneumonia (9%), febrile neutropenia (5%), and sepsis (5%). Fatal adverse reactions that occurred in the absence of disease progression and within 30 days of venetoclax treatment were reported in 2% of patients in the VENCLEXTA monotherapy studies, most often (2 patients) from septic shock.

Adverse reactions led to treatment discontinuation in 9% of patients, dose reduction in 13%, and dose interruption in 36%. The most frequent adverse reactions leading to drug discontinuation were thrombocytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. The most frequent adverse reaction (≥5%) leading to dose reductions or interruptions was neutropenia (8%).

Table 13 presents adverse reactions identified in these trials.

Table 13: Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% (All Grades) or ≥5% (Grade ≥3) of Patients with Previously Treated CLL/SLL Who Received VENCLEXTA Monotherapy

Adverse ReactionVENCLEXTA
(N = 352)
All Grades (%)Grade ≥3 (%)
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Neutropeniaa5045
Anemiaa3318
Thrombocytopeniaa2920
Lymphopeniaa117
Febrile neutropenia66
Gastrointestinal disorders
Diarrhea433
Nausea421
Abdominal paina183
Vomiting161
Constipation16<1
Mucositisa13<1
Infections and infestations
Upper respiratory tract infectiona361
Pneumoniaa148
Lower respiratory tract infectiona112
General disorders and administration site conditions
Fatiguea324
Edemaa222
Pyrexia18<1
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Musculoskeletal paina292
Arthralgia12<1
Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders
Cougha220
Dyspneaa131
Nervous system disorders
Headache18<1
Dizzinessa140
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Rasha18<1
Adverse reactions graded using NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0.
aIncludes multiple adverse reaction terms.

Table 14 presents laboratory abnormalities reported throughout treatment that were new or worsening from baseline. The most common (>5%) Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities observed with VENCLEXTA monotherapy were hematologic laboratory abnormalities, including neutropenia (33%), leukopenia (11%), thrombocytopenia (15%), and lymphopenia (9%).

Table 14: New or Worsening Laboratory Abnormalities in ≥40% (All Grades) or ≥10% (Grade 3 or 4) of Patients with Previously Treated CLL/SLL Who Received VENCLEXTA Monotherapy

Laboratory AbnormalityVENCLEXTA
(N = 352)
All Gradesa (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hematology
Leukopenia8942
Neutropenia8763
Lymphopenia7440
Anemia7126
Thrombocytopenia6431
Chemistry
Hypocalcemia8712
Hyperglycemia677
Hyperkalemia595
AST increased533
Hypoalbuminemia492
Hypophosphatemia4511
Hyponatremia409
aIncludes laboratory abnormalities that were new or worsening, or worsening from baseline unknown.

Important Adverse Reactions In CLL/SLL

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Tumor lysis syndrome is an important identified risk when initiating VENCLEXTA.

CLL14

The incidence of TLS was 1% (3/212) in patients treated with VEN+G [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. All three events of TLS resolved and did not lead to withdrawal from the trial. Obinutuzumab administration was delayed in two cases in response to the TLS events.

MURANO

The incidence of TLS was 3% (6/194) in patients treated with VEN+R. After 77/389 patients were enrolled in the trial, the protocol was amended to incorporate the current TLS prophylaxis and monitoring measures described in sections 2.2 and 2.4 [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. All events of TLS occurred during the VENCLEXTA ramp-up period and were resolved within two days. All six patients completed the ramp-up and reached the recommended daily dose of 400 mg of VENCLEXTA. No clinical TLS was observed in patients who followed the current 5-week ramp-up schedule and TLS prophylaxis and monitoring measures [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Rates of laboratory abnormalities relevant to TLS for patients treated with VEN+R are presented in Table 12.

Monotherapy Studies (M13-982 and M14-032)

In 168 patients with CLL treated according to recommendations described in sections 2.1 and 2.2, the rate of TLS was 2% [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. All events either met laboratory TLS criteria (laboratory abnormalities that met ≥2 of the following within 24 hours of each other: potassium >6 mmol/L, uric acid >476 μmol/L, calcium <1.75 mmol/L, or phosphorus >1.5 mmol/L); or were reported as TLS events. The events occurred in patients who had a lymph node(s) ≥5 cm and/or ALC ≥25 x 109/L. All events resolved within 5 days. No TLS with clinical consequences such as acute renal failure, cardiac arrhythmias or sudden death and/or seizures was observed in these patients. All patients had CLcr ≥50 mL/min. Laboratory abnormalities relevant to TLS were hyperkalemia (17% all Grades, 1% Grade ≥3), hyperphosphatemia (14% all Grades, 2% Grade ≥3), hypocalcemia (16% all Grades, 2% Grade ≥3), and hyperuricemia (10% all Grades, <1% Grade ≥3).

In the initial Phase 1 dose-finding trials, which had shorter (2-3 week) ramp-up phase and higher starting doses, the incidence of TLS was 13% (10/77; 5 laboratory TLS, 5 clinical TLS), including 2 fatal events and 3 events of acute renal failure, 1 requiring dialysis. After this experience, TLS risk assessment, dosing regimen, TLS prophylaxis and monitoring measures were revised [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

VENCLEXTA In Combination With Azacitidine

The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine (VEN+AZA) (N=283) versus placebo in combination with azacitidine (PBO+AZA) (N=144) was evaluated in VIALE-A, a double-blind, randomized trial, in patients with newly diagnosed AML [see Clinical Studies]. At baseline, patients were ≥75 years of age or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy based on at least one of the following criteria: baseline ECOG performance status of 2-3, severe cardiac or pulmonary comorbidity, moderate hepatic impairment, CLcr < 45 mL/min, or other comorbidity. Patients were randomized to receive VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily after completion of the ramp-up phase in combination with azacitidine (75 mg/m² either intravenously or subcutaneously on Days 1-7 of each 28-day cycle) or placebo in combination with azacitidine. Among patients who received VEN+AZA, the median duration of exposure to VENCLEXTA was 7.6 months (range: <0.1 to 30.7 months).

Serious adverse reactions were reported in 83% of patients who received VEN+AZA, with the most frequent (≥5%) being febrile neutropenia (30%), pneumonia (22%), sepsis (excluding fungal; 19%), and hemorrhage (6%). Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 23% of patients who received VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, with the most frequent (≥2%) being pneumonia (4%), sepsis (excluding fungal; 3%), and hemorrhage (2%).

Adverse reactions led to permanent discontinuation of VENCLEXTA in 24% of patients, dose reductions in 2%, and dose interruptions in 72%. Adverse reactions which led to discontinuation of VENCLEXTA in ≥2% of patients were sepsis (excluding fungal; 3%) and pneumonia (2%).

The most frequent adverse reaction leading to dose reduction was pneumonia (0.7%). Adverse reactions which required a dose interruption in ≥5% of patients included febrile neutropenia (20%), neutropenia (20%), pneumonia (14%), sepsis (excluding fungal; 11%), and thrombocytopenia (10%). Among patients who achieved bone marrow clearance of leukemia, 53% underwent dose interruptions for ANC <500/microliter.

Table 15 presents adverse reactions identified in VIALE-A.

Table 15: Adverse Reactions (≥10%) in Patients with AML Who Received VEN+AZA with a Difference Between Arms of ≥5% for All Grades or ≥2% for Grade 3 or 4 Reactions Compared with PBO+AZA in VIALE-A

Adverse ReactionVENCLEXTA + Azacitidine
(N = 283)
Placebo + Azacitidine
(N = 144)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Gastrointestinal disorders
Nausea44235<1
Diarrheaa435333
Vomitingb30223<1
Stomatitisc181130
Abdominal paind18<1130
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Febrile neutropenia42421919
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Musculoskeletal paine362281
General disorders and administration site conditions
Fatiguef316232
Edemag27<1190
Vascular disorders
Hemorrhageh277243
Hypotensioni12583
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
Decreased appetitej25417<1
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Rashk251150
Infections and infestations
Sepsisl (excluding fungal)22221614
Urinary tract infectionm16696
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
Dyspnean184102
Nervous system disorders
Dizzinesso17<18<1
aIncludes diarrhea and colitis
bIncludes vomiting and hematemesis
cIncludes stomatitis, mouth ulceration, mucosal inflammation, cheilitis, aphthous ulcer, glossitis and tongue ulceration.
dIncludes abdominal pain, abdominal pain upper, abdominal discomfort, and abdominal pain lower.
eIncludes arthralgia, back pain, pain in extremity, musculoskeletal pain, bone pain, myalgia, neck pain, non-cardiac chest pain, arthritis, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal stiffness, spinal pain, and musculoskeletal discomfort.
fIncludes fatigue and asthenia.
gIncludes edema peripheral, edema, generalized edema, eyelid edema, face edema, penile edema, periorbital edema, and swelling.
hIncludes epistaxis, hematuria, conjunctival hemorrhage, hemoptysis, hemorrhoidal hemorrhage, gingival bleeding, mouth hemorrhage, hemorrhage intracranial, vaginal hemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, muscle hemorrhage, skin hemorrhage, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, anal hemorrhage, eye hemorrhage, gastritis hemorrhagic, hemorrhage, hemorrhage urinary tract, hemorrhagic diathesis, hemorrhagic stroke, hemorrhagic vasculitis, lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage, mucosal hemorrhage, penile hemorrhage, post procedural hemorrhage, rectal hemorrhage, retinal hemorrhage, shock hemorrhagic, soft tissue hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, tongue hemorrhage, urethral hemorrhage, vessel puncture site hemorrhage, vitreous hemorrhage and wound hemorrhage.
iIncludes hypotension and orthostatic hypotension.
jIncludes decreased appetite and hypophagia.
kIncludes rash, rash maculo-papular, rash macular, drug eruption, rash papular, rash pustular, eczema, rash erythematous, rash pruritic, dermatitis acneiform, rash morbilliform, dermatitis, eczema asteatotic, exfoliative rash, and perivascular dermatitis.
lIncludes sepsis, escherichia bacteremia, escherichia sepsis, septic shock, bacteremia, staphylococcal bacteremia, klebsiella bacteremia, staphylococcal sepsis, streptococcal bacteremia, enterococcal bacteremia, klebsiella sepsis, pseudomonal bacteremia, pseudomonal sepsis, urosepsis, bacterial sepsis, clostridial sepsis, enterococcal sepsis, neutropenic sepsis, and streptococcal sepsis.
mIncludes urinary tract infection, escherichia urinary tract infection, cystitis, urinary tract infection enterococcal, urinary tract infection bacterial, pyelonephritis acute, and urinary tract infection pseudomonal.
nIncludes dyspnea, dyspnea exertional, and dyspnea at rest.
oIncludes dizziness and vertigo.

Other clinically important adverse reactions (All Grades) at ≥10% that did not meet criteria for Table 15 or <10% are presented below:

Hepatobiliary disorders: cholecystitis/cholelithiasisa (4%)

Infections and infestations: pneumoniab (33%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: tumor lysis syndrome (1%)

Nervous system disorders: headachec (11%)

Investigations: weight decreased (13%).

aIncludes cholecystitis acute, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, and cholecystitis chronic
bIncludes pneumonia, lung infection, pneumonia fungal, pneumonia klebsiella, atypical pneumonia, lower respiratory tract infection, pneumonia viral, lower respiratory tract infection fungal, pneumonia hemophilus, pneumonia pneumococcal, and pneumonia respiratory syncytial viral
cIncludes headache and tension headache.

Table 16 presents laboratory abnormalities identified in VIALE-A.

Table 16: New or Worsening Laboratory Abnormalities (≥10%) in Patients with AML Who Received VEN+AZA with a Difference Between Arms of ≥5% for All Grades or ≥2% for Grade 3 or 4 Reactions Compared with PBO+AZA in VIALE-A

Laboratory AbnormalityVENCLEXTA + AzacitidinePlacebo + Azacitidine
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hematology
Neutrophils decreased98988881
Platelet decreased94889480
Lymphocytes decreased91717239
Hemoglobin decreased61575652
Chemistry
Bilirubin increased537404
Calcium decreased516399
Sodium decreased4614478
Alkaline phosphatase increased42129<1
Blood bicarbonate decreased31<1250
The denominator used to calculate the rate varied from 85 to 144 in PBO+AZA and from 125 to 283 in VEN+AZA based on the number of patients with at least one post-treatment value.

VENCLEXTA In Combination With Azacitidine Or Decitabine

The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine (n=67) or decitabine (n=13) was evaluated in M14-358, a non-randomized trial of patients with newly diagnosed AML. At baseline, patients were ≥75 years of age, or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy based on at least one of the following criteria: baseline ECOG performance status of 2-3, severe cardiac or pulmonary comorbidity, moderate hepatic impairment, CLcr <45 mL/min, or other comorbidity [see Clinical Studies]. Patients received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily after completion of the ramp-up phase in combination with azacitidine (75 mg/m² either intravenously or subcutaneously on Days 1-7 of each 28-day cycle) or decitabine (20 mg/m² intravenously on Days 1-5 of each 28-day cycle).

Azacitidine

The median duration of exposure to VENCLEXTA when administered in combination with azacitidine was 6.5 months (range: 0.1 to 38.1 months). The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine in this trial is consistent with that of VIALE-A.

Decitabine

The median duration of exposure to VENCLEXTA when administered in combination with decitabine was 8.4 months (range: 0.5 to 39 months).

Serious adverse reactions were reported in 85% of patients who received VENCLEXTA with decitabine, the most frequent (≥10%) being sepsis (excluding fungal; 46%), febrile neutropenia (38%), and pneumonia (31%). One (8%) fatal adverse reaction of bacteremia occurred within 30 days of starting treatment.

Permanent discontinuation of VENCLEXTA due to adverse reactions occurred in 38% of patients. The most frequent adverse reaction leading to permanent discontinuation (≥5%) was pneumonia (8%).

Dosage interruptions of VENCLEXTA due to adverse reactions occurred in 69% of patients. The most frequent adverse reactions leading to dose interruption (≥ 10%) were neutropenia (38%), febrile neutropenia (23%), leukopenia (15%), and pneumonia (15%).

Dosage reductions of VENCLEXTA due to adverse reactions occurred in 15% of patients. The most frequent adverse reaction leading to dose reduction (≥5%) was neutropenia (15%).

The most common adverse reactions (≥30%) were febrile neutropenia (69%), fatigue (62%), constipation (62%), musculoskeletal pain (54%), dizziness (54%), nausea (54%), abdominal pain (46%), diarrhea (46%), pneumonia (46%), sepsis (excluding fungal; 46%), cough (38%), pyrexia (31%), hypotension (31%), oropharyngeal pain (31%), edema (31%), and vomiting (31%). The most common laboratory abnormalities (≥30%) were neutrophils decreased (100%), lymphocytes decreased (100%), white blood cells decreased (100%), platelets decreased (92%), calcium decreased (85%), hemoglobin decreased (69%), glucose increased (69%), magnesium decreased (54%), potassium decreased (46%), bilirubin increased (46%), albumin decreased (38%), alkaline phosphatase increased (38%), sodium decreased (38%), ALT increased (31%), creatinine increased (31%), and potassium increased (31%).

VENCLEXTA In Combination With Low-Dose Cytarabine

VIALE-C

The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with low-dose cytarabine (VEN+LDAC) (N=142) versus placebo with low-dose cytarabine (PBO+LDAC) (N=68) was evaluated in VIALE-C, a double-blind randomized trial in patients with newly diagnosed AML. At baseline, patients were ≥75 years of age, or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy based on at least one of the following criteria: baseline ECOG performance status of 2-3, severe cardiac or pulmonary comorbidity, moderate hepatic impairment, CLcr <45 mL/min, or other comorbidity [see Clinical Studies]. Patients were randomized to receive VENCLEXTA 600 mg orally once daily after completion of a 4-day ramp-up phase in combination with low-dose cytarabine (20 mg/m² subcutaneously once daily on Days 1-10 of each 28-day cycle) or placebo in combination with low-dose cytarabine. Among patients who received VEN+LDAC, the median duration of exposure to VENCLEXTA was 3.9 months (range: <0.1 to 17.1 months).

Serious adverse reactions were reported in 65% of patients who received VEN+LDAC, with the most frequent (≥10%) being pneumonia (17%), febrile neutropenia (16%), and sepsis (excluding fungal; 12%). Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 23% of patients who received VENCLEXTA in combination with LDAC, with the most frequent (≥5%) being pneumonia (6%) and sepsis (excluding fungal; 7%).

Adverse reactions led to permanent discontinuation of VENCLEXTA in 25% of patients, dose reductions in 9%, and dose interruptions in 63%. The most frequent adverse reaction (>2%) which resulted in permanent discontinuation of VENCLEXTA was pneumonia (6%). Adverse reactions which required a dose reduction in ≥1% of patients were pneumonia (1%) and thrombocytopenia (1%) and the adverse reactions which required a dose interruption in ≥5% of patients included neutropenia (20%), thrombocytopenia (15%), pneumonia (8%), febrile neutropenia (6%), and sepsis (excluding fungal; 6%). Among patients who achieved bone marrow clearance of leukemia, 32% underwent dose interruptions for ANC <500/microliter.

Table 17 presents adverse reactions identified in VIALE-C.

Table 17: Adverse Reactions (≥10%) in Patients with AML Who Received VEN+LDAC with a Difference Between Arms of ≥5% for All Grades or ≥2% for Grade 3 or 4 Compared with PBO+LDAC in VIALE-C

Adverse ReactionVENCLEXTA + Low-Dose Cytarabine
(N = 142)
Placebo + Low-Dose Cytarabine
(N = 68)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Gastrointestinal disorders
Nausea421310
Diarrhea283160
Vomiting25<1130
Abdominal paina15<193
Stomatitisb15160
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Febrile neutropenia32322929
Infections and infestations
Pneumoniac29192121
Vascular Disorders
Hemorrhaged278161
Hypotensione11541
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Musculoskeletal painf233180
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
Fatigueg222210
Nervous System Disorders
Headache11060
aIncludes abdominal pain, abdominal pain upper, abdominal discomfort and abdominal pain lower.
bIncludes stomatitis, mouth ulceration, aphthous ulcer, glossitis, mucosal inflammation and tongue ulceration.
cIncludes pneumonia, lung infection, lower respiratory tract infection, pneumonia fungal, lower respiratory tract infection fungal, pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, pneumonia aspiration, pneumonia cytomegaloviral, and pneumonia pseudomonal.
dIncludes epistaxis, conjunctival hemorrhage, hemoptysis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, gingival bleeding, mouth hemorrhage, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hematuria, retinal hemorrhage, catheter site hemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage, gastric hemorrhage, gastritis hemorrhagic, hemorrhage intracranial, hemorrhage subcutaneous, lip hemorrhage, mucosal hemorrhage, pharyngeal hemorrhage, post procedural hemorrhage, pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage, pulmonary hemorrhage, tooth pulp hemorrhage, uterine hemorrhage and vascular access site hemorrhage.
eIncludes hypotension and orthostatic hypotension.
fIncludes back pain, arthralgia, pain in extremity, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia, neck pain, non-cardiac chest pain, arthritis, bone pain, musculoskeletal chest pain and spinal pain.
gIncludes fatigue and asthenia.

Other clinically important adverse reactions (All Grades) at ≥10% that did not meet criteria for the Table 17 or <10% are presented below:

Hepatobiliary disorders: cholecystitis/cholelithiasisa (1%)

Infections and infestations: sepsisb (excluding fungal; 15%), urinary tract infectionc (8%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: decreased appetite (19%), tumor lysis syndrome (6%)

Nervous system disorders: dizzinessd (9%)

Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: dyspneae (10%)

Investigations: weight decreased (9%).

aIncludes cholecystitis and cholecystitis acute
bIncludes sepsis, bacteremia, septic shock, neutropenic sepsis, staphylococcal bacteremia, streptococcal bacteremia, bacterial sepsis, Escherichia bacteremia, pseudomonal bacteremia, and staphylococcal sepsis
cIncludes urinary tract infection and escherichia urinary tract infection
dIncludes dizziness and vertigo
eIncludes dyspnea and dyspnea exertional.

Table 18 describes laboratory abnormalities identified in VIALE-C.

Table 18: New or Worsening Laboratory Abnormalities (≥10%) in Patients with AML Who Received VEN+LDAC with Difference Between Arms of ≥5% for All Grades or ≥2% for Grade 3 or 4 Reactions Compared with PBO+LDAC in VIALE-C

Laboratory AbnormalityVENCLEXTA + Low-Dose CytarabinePlacebo + Low-Dose Cytarabine
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hematology
Platelets decreased97959290
Neutrophils decreased95928271
Lymphocytes decreased92696524
Hemoglobin decreased63575754
Chemistry
Bilirubin increased617387
Albumin decreased616434
Potassium decreased56164214
Calcium decreased5384513
Glucose increased5213599
AST increased366371
Alkaline phosphatase increased341261
ALT increased304261
Sodium increased11361
The denominator used to calculate the rate varied from 38 to 68 in PBO+LDAC and from 65 to 142 in VEN+LDAC based on the number of patients with at least one post-treatment value.

M14-387

The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with low-dose cytarabine (n=61) was evaluated in M14-387, a non-randomized, open label trial of patients with newly diagnosed AML [see Clinical Studies]. At baseline, patients were ≥75 years of age, or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy based on at least one of the following criteria: baseline ECOG performance status of 2-3, severe cardiac or pulmonary comorbidity, moderate hepatic impairment, CLcr <45 mL/min, or other comorbidity. Patients received VENCLEXTA 600 mg orally once daily after completion of the ramp-up phase in combination with low-dose cytarabine (20mg/m² subcutaneously on Days 1-10 of each 28-day cycle). The safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with low-dose cytarabine is consistent with that of VIALE-C.

Drug Interactions

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Effects Of Other Drugs On VENCLEXTA

Strong Or Moderate CYP3A Inhibitors Or P-gp Inhibitors

Concomitant use with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor or a P-gp inhibitor increases venetoclax Cmax and AUC0-INF [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may increase VENCLEXTA toxicities, including the risk of TLS [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Concomitant use with a strong CYP3A inhibitor at initiation and during the ramp-up phase in patients with CLL/SLL is contraindicated [see CONTRAINDICATIONS].

In patients with CLL/SLL taking a steady daily dosage (after ramp-up phase), consider alternative medications or adjust VENCLEXTA dosage and monitor more frequently for adverse reactions [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

In patients with AML, adjust VENCLEXTA dosage and monitor more frequently for adverse reactions [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Resume the VENCLEXTA dosage that was used prior to concomitant use with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor or a P-gp inhibitor 2 to 3 days after discontinuation of the inhibitor [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Avoid grapefruit products, Seville oranges, and starfruit during treatment with VENCLEXTA, as they contain inhibitors of CYP3A.

Strong Or Moderate CYP3A Inducers

Concomitant use with a strong CYP3A inducer decreases venetoclax Cmax and AUC0-INF [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may decrease VENCLEXTA efficacy. Avoid concomitant use of VENCLEXTA with strong CYP3A inducers or moderate CYP3A inducers.

Effect Of VENCLEXTA On Other Drugs

Warfarin

Concomitant use of VENCLEXTA increases warfarin Cmax and AUC0-INF [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may increase the risk of bleeding. Monitor international normalized ratio (INR) more frequently in patients using warfarin concomitantly with VENCLEXTA.

P-gp Substrates

Concomitant use of VENCLEXTA increases Cmax and AUC0-INF of P-gp substrates [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may increase toxicities of these substrates. Avoid concomitant use of VENCLEXTA with a P-gp substrate. If a concomitant use is unavoidable, separate dosing of the P-gp substrate at least 6 hours before VENCLEXTA.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), including fatal events and renal failure requiring dialysis, has occurred in patients with high tumor burden when treated with VENCLEXTA [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

In patients with CLL who followed the current 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule and the TLS prophylaxis and monitoring measures, the rate of TLS was 2% in the VENCLEXTA CLL monotherapy trials. The rate of TLS remained consistent with VENCLEXTA in combination with obinutuzumab or rituximab. With a 2 to 3 week dose ramp-up and higher starting dose in patients with CLL/SLL, the TLS rate was 13% and included deaths and renal failure [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

In patients with AML who followed the current 3-day ramp-up dosing schedule and the TLS prophylaxis and monitoring measures, the rate of TLS was 1.1% in patients who received VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine (VIALE-A). In patients with AML who followed a 4-day ramp-up dosing schedule and the TLS prophylaxis and monitoring measures, the rate of TLS was 5.6% and included deaths and renal failure in patients who received VENCLEXTA in combination with low-dose cytarabine (VIALE-C) [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

VENCLEXTA can cause rapid reduction in tumor and thus poses a risk for TLS at initiation and during the ramp-up phase. Changes in blood chemistries consistent with TLS that require prompt management can occur as early as 6 to 8 hours following the first dose of VENCLEXTA and at each dose increase.

The risk of TLS is a continuum based on multiple factors, including tumor burden and comorbidities. Reduced renal function further increases the risk. Assess patients for risk and provide appropriate prophylaxis for TLS, including hydration and anti-hyperuricemics. Monitor blood chemistries and manage abnormalities promptly. Interrupt dosing if needed. Employ more intensive measures (intravenous hydration, frequent monitoring, hospitalization) as overall risk increases [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and Use In Specific Populations].

Concomitant use of VENCLEXTA with P-gp inhibitors or strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors increases venetoclax exposure, which may increase the risk of TLS at initiation and during ramp-up phase of VENCLEXTA. For patients with CLL/SLL, coadministration of VENCLEXTA with strong CYP3A inhibitors at initiation and during the 5-week ramp-up phase is contraindicated [see CONTRAINDICATIONS]. For patients with AML, reduce the dose of VENCLEXTA when coadministered with strong CYP3A inhibitors at initiation and during the 3-or 4-day ramp-up phase. For patients with CLL/SLL or AML, reduce the dose of VENCLEXTA when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors or P-gp inhibitors [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Neutropenia

In patients with CLL, Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia developed in 63% to 64% of patients and Grade 4 neutropenia developed in 31% to 33% of patients when treated with VENCLEXTA in combination and monotherapy studies. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 4% to 6% of patients [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

In patients with AML, baseline neutrophil counts worsened in 95% to 100% of patients treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, decitabine or low-dose cytarabine. Neutropenia can recur with subsequent cycles.

Monitor complete blood counts throughout the treatment period. For interruption and dose resumption of VENCLEXTA for severe neutropenia, see Table 4 for CLL and Table 6 for AML [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Consider supportive measures, including antimicrobials and growth factors (e.g., G-CSF).

Infections

Fatal and serious infections, such as pneumonia and sepsis, have occurred in patients treated with VENCLEXTA [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infection and treat promptly. Withhold VENCLEXTA for Grade 3 and 4 infection until resolution. For dose resumptions, see Table 4 for CLL and Table 6 for AML [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Immunization

Do not administer live attenuated vaccines prior to, during, or after treatment with VENCLEXTA until B-cell recovery occurs. The safety and efficacy of immunization with live attenuated vaccines during or following VENCLEXTA therapy have not been studied. Advise patients that vaccinations may be less effective.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings in animals and its mechanism of action, VENCLEXTA may cause embryo-fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In an embryo-fetal study conducted in mice, administration of venetoclax to pregnant animals at exposures equivalent to that observed in patients at a dose of 400 mg daily resulted in post-implantation loss and decreased fetal weight.

Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with VENCLEXTA and for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Use In Specific Populations]

Increased Mortality in Patients With Multiple Myeloma When VENCLEXTA Is Added To Bortezomib And Dexamethasone

In a randomized trial (BELLINI; NCT02755597) in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, the addition of VENCLEXTA to bortezomib plus dexamethasone, a use for which VENCLEXTA is not indicated, resulted in increased mortality. Treatment of patients with multiple myeloma with VENCLEXTA in combination with bortezomib plus dexamethasone is not recommended outside of controlled clinical trials.

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Advise patients of the potential risk of TLS, particularly at treatment initiation and during ramp-up phase, and to immediately report any signs and symptoms associated with this event (fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, confusion, shortness of breath, seizure, irregular heartbeat, dark or cloudy urine, unusual tiredness, muscle pain, and/or joint discomfort) to their health care provider (HCP) for evaluation [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Advise patients to be adequately hydrated every day when taking VENCLEXTA to reduce the risk of TLS. The recommended volume is 6 to 8 glasses (approximately 56 ounces total) of water each day. Patients should drink water starting 2 days before and on the day of the first dose, and every time the dose is increased [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Advise patients of the importance of keeping scheduled appointments for blood work or other laboratory tests [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Advise patients that it may be necessary to take VENCLEXTA in the hospital or medical office setting to allow monitoring for TLS.

Neutropenia

Advise patients to contact their HCP immediately if they develop a fever or any signs of infection. Advise patients of the need for periodic monitoring of blood counts [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Infections

Advise patients to contact their HCP immediately if they develop a fever or any signs of infection [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Drug Interactions

Advise patients to avoid consuming grapefruit products, Seville oranges, or starfruit during treatment with VENCLEXTA. Advise patients that VENCLEXTA may interact with some drugs; therefore, advise patients to inform their health care provider of the use of any prescription medication, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins and herbal products [see CONTRAINDICATIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Immunizations

Advise patients to avoid vaccination with live vaccines because they may not be safe or effective during treatment with VENCLEXTA [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus. Advise females or reproductive potential to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use In Specific Populations].

Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during therapy and for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Lactation

Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with VENCLEXTA and for 1 week after the last dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Infertility Advise males of reproductive potential that VENCLEXTA may impair fertility [see Use In Specific Populations].

Administration

Advise patients to take VENCLEXTA exactly as prescribed and not to change their dose or to stop taking VENCLEXTA unless they are told to do so by their HCP. Advise patients to take VENCLEXTA orally once daily, at approximately the same time each day, according to their HCP's instructions and that the tablets should be swallowed whole with a meal and water without being chewed, crushed, or broken [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Advise patients with CLL/SLL to keep VENCLEXTA in the original packaging during the first 4 weeks of treatment, and not to transfer the tablets to a different container.

Advise patients that if a dose of VENCLEXTA is missed by less than 8 hours, to take the missed dose right away and take the next dose as usual. If a dose of VENCLEXTA is missed by more than 8 hours, advise patients to wait and take the next dose at the usual time [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Advise patients not to take any additional dose that day if they vomit after taking VENCLEXTA, and to take the next dose at the usual time the following day.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Neither venetoclax nor M27, a major human metabolite, were carcinogenic in a 6-month transgenic (Tg.rasH2) mouse study at oral doses up to 400 mg/kg/day of venetoclax, and at a single oral dose level of 250 mg/kg/day of M27.

Venetoclax was not mutagenic in an in vitro bacterial mutagenicity (Ames) assay, did not induce numerical or structural aberrations in an in vitro chromosome aberration assay using human peripheral blood lymphocytes, and was not clastogenic in an in vivo mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay at doses up to 835 mg/kg. The M27 metabolite was negative for genotoxic activity in in vitro Ames and chromosome aberration assays.

Fertility and early embryonic development studies were conducted in male and female mice. These studies evaluate mating, fertilization, and embryonic development through implantation. There were no effects of venetoclax on estrous cycles, mating, fertility, corpora lutea, uterine implants or live embryos per litter at dosages up to 600 mg/kg/day. However, a risk to human male fertility exists based on testicular toxicity (germ cell loss) observed in dogs at exposures as low as 0.5 times the human AUC exposure at a dose of 400 mg.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Based on findings in animals and its mechanism of action [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], VENCLEXTA may cause embryo-fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data on VENCLEXTA use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. Administration of venetoclax to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis was fetotoxic at exposures 1.2 times the human exposure at the recommended dose of 400 mg daily based on AUC. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

In embryo-fetal development studies, venetoclax was administered to pregnant mice and rabbits during the period of organogenesis. In mice, venetoclax was associated with increased post-implantation loss and decreased fetal body weight at 150 mg/kg/day (maternal exposures approximately 1.2 times the human exposure at the recommended dose of 400 mg once daily). No teratogenicity was observed in either the mouse or the rabbit.

Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of VENCLEXTA in human milk or the effects on the breastfed child or milk production. Venetoclax was present in the milk when administered to lactating rats (see Data).

Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in a breastfed, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with VENCLEXTA and for 1 week after the last dose.

Data

Animal Data

Venetoclax was administered (single dose; 150 mg/kg oral) to lactating rats 8 to 10 days parturition. Venetoclax in milk was 1.6 times lower than in plasma. Parent drug (venetoclax) represented the majority of the total drug-related material in milk, with trace levels of three metabolites.

Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

VENCLEXTA may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women [see Use In Specific Populations].

Pregnancy Testing

Verify pregnancy status in females of reproductive potential prior to initiating VENCLEXTA.

Contraception

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with VENCLEXTA and for at least 30 days after the last dose.

Infertility

Based on findings in animals, VENCLEXTA may impair male fertility [see Nonclinical Toxicology].

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of VENCLEXTA have not been established in pediatric patients.

Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data

In a juvenile toxicology study, mice were administered venetoclax at 10, 30, or 100 mg/kg/day by oral gavage from 7 to 60 days of age. Clinical signs of toxicity included decreased activity, dehydration, skin pallor, and hunched posture at ≥30 mg/kg/day. In addition, mortality and body weight effects occurred at 100 mg/kg/day. Other venetoclax-related effects were reversible decreases in lymphocytes at ≥10 mg/kg/day; a dose of 10 mg/kg/day is approximately 0.06 times the clinical dose of 400 mg on a mg/m² basis for a 20 kg child.

Geriatric Use

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

Of the 352 patients with previously treated CLL/SLL evaluated for safety from 3 open-label trials of VENCLEXTA monotherapy, 57% (201/352) were ≥65 years of age and 18% (62/352) were ≥75 years of age. No clinically meaningful differences in safety and effectiveness were observed between older and younger patients in the combination and monotherapy studies.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Of the 283 patients who received VENCLEXTA with azacitidine in VIALE-A, 96% were ≥65 years of age and 60% were ≥75 years of age.

Of the 13 patients who received VENCLEXTA in combination with decitabine in M14-358, 100% were ≥65 years of age and 62% were ≥75 years of age.

Of the 142 patients who received VENCLEXTA in combination with low-dose cytarabine in VIALE-C, 92% were ≥65 years of age and 57% were ≥75 years of age.

Clinical studies of VENCLEXTA in patients with AML did not include sufficient numbers of younger adults to determine if patients 65 years of age and older respond differently from younger adults.

Renal Impairment

Due to the increased risk of TLS, patients with reduced renal function (CLcr <80 mL/min, calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula) require more intensive prophylaxis and monitoring to reduce the risk of TLS when initiating treatment with VENCLEXTA [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild, moderate or severe renal impairment (CLcr ≥15 mL/min) [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Hepatic Impairment

No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild (Child-Pugh A) or moderate (Child-Pugh B) hepatic impairment.

Reduce the dose of VENCLEXTA for patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C); monitor these patients more frequently for adverse reactions [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

There is no specific antidote for VENCLEXTA. For patients who experience overdose, closely monitor and provide appropriate supportive treatment; during ramp-up phase interrupt VENCLEXTA and monitor carefully for signs and symptoms of TLS along with other toxicities [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Based on venetoclax large volume of distribution and extensive protein binding, dialysis is unlikely to result in significant removal of venetoclax.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Concomitant use of VENCLEXTA with strong CYP3A inhibitors at initiation and during the ramp-up phase is contraindicated in patients with CLL/SLL due to the potential for increased risk of tumor lysis syndrome [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism Of Action

Venetoclax is a selective and orally bioavailable small-molecule inhibitor of BCL-2, an antiapoptotic protein. Overexpression of BCL-2 has been demonstrated in CLL and AML cells where it mediates tumor cell survival and has been associated with resistance to chemotherapeutics. Venetoclax helps restore the process of apoptosis by binding directly to the BCL-2 protein, displacing pro-apoptotic proteins like BIM, triggering mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization and the activation of caspases. In nonclinical studies, venetoclax has demonstrated cytotoxic activity in tumor cells that overexpress BCL-2.

Pharmacodynamics

Based on the exposure response analyses for efficacy, a relationship between drug exposure and a greater likelihood of response was observed in clinical studies in patients with CLL/SLL, and in patients with AML. Based on the exposure response analyses for safety, a relationship between drug exposure and a greater likelihood of some safety events was observed in clinical studies in patients with AML. No exposure-safety relationship was observed in patients with CLL/SLL at doses up to 1200 mg given as monotherapy and up to 600 mg given in combination with rituximab.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

The effect of multiple doses of VENCLEXTA up to 1200 mg once daily (2 times the maximum approved recommended dosage) on the QTc interval was evaluated in an open-label, single-arm trial in 176 patients with previously treated hematologic malignancies. VENCLEXTA had no large effect on QTc interval (i.e., >20 ms) and there was no relationship between venetoclax exposure and change in QTc interval.

Pharmacokinetics

Venetoclax mean (± standard deviation) steady state Cmax was 2.1 ± 1.1 mcg/mL and AUC0-24h was 32.8 ± 16.9 mcg•h/mL following administration of 400 mg once daily with a low-fat meal. Venetoclax steady state AUC increased proportionally over the dose range of 150 to 800 mg (0.25 to 1.33 times the maximum approved recommended dosage). The pharmacokinetics of venetoclax does not change over time.

Absorption

Maximum plasma concentration of venetoclax was reached 5 to 8 hours following multiple oral administration under fed conditions.

Effect Of Food

Administration with a low-fat meal (approximately 512 kilocalories, 25% fat calories, 60% carbohydrate calories, and 15% protein calories) increased venetoclax exposure by approximately 3.4-fold and administration with a high-fat meal (approximately 753 kilocalories, 55% fat calories, 28% carbohydrate calories, and 17% protein calories) increased venetoclax exposure by 5.1-to 5.3-fold compared with fasting conditions.

Distribution

Venetoclax is highly bound to human plasma protein with unbound fraction in plasma <0.01 across a concentration range of 1-30 micromolar (0.87-26 mcg/mL). The mean blood-to-plasma ratio was 0.57. The apparent volume of distribution (Vdss/F) of venetoclax ranged from 256-321 L in patients.

Elimination

The terminal elimination half-life of venetoclax was approximately 26 hours.

Metabolism

Venetoclax is predominantly metabolized by CYP3A in vitro. The major metabolite identified in plasma, M27, has an inhibitory activity against BCL-2 that is at least 58-fold lower than venetoclax in vitro and its AUC represented 80% of the parent AUC.

Excretion

After single oral dose of radiolabeled [14C]-venetoclax 200 mg to healthy subjects, >99.9% of the dose was recovered in feces (21% as unchanged) and <0.1% in urine within 9 days.

Specific Populations

No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of venetoclax were observed based on age (19 to 93 years), sex, weight, mild to severe renal impairment (CLcr 15 to 89 mL/min, calculated by Cockcroft-Gault), or mild to moderate hepatic impairment (normal total bilirubin and aspartate transaminase (AST) > upper limit of normal (ULN) or total bilirubin 1 to 3 times ULN). The effect of end-stage renal disease (CLcr <15 mL/min) or dialysis on venetoclax pharmacokinetics is unknown.

Racial Or Ethnic Groups

No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of venetoclax were observed in White, Black, and Asian patients enrolled in the United States. Of 771 patients with AML, Asian patients from Asian countries [China (5.6%), Japan (5.5%), South Korea (2.1%), and Taiwan (0.9%)] had 63% higher venetoclax exposure than non-Asian populations.

Patients With Hepatic Impairment

Following a single dose of VENCLEXTA 50 mg, venetoclax systemic exposure (AUC0-INF) was 2.7-fold higher in subjects with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and Use In Specific Populations]. No clinically relevant differences in venetoclax systemic exposure were observed between subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment and subjects with normal hepatic function.

Drug Interactions Studies

Clinical Studies

No clinically significant differences in venetoclax pharmacokinetics were observed when co-administered with azacitidine, azithromycin, cytarabine, decitabine, gastric acid reducing agents, obinutuzumab, or rituximab.

Ketoconazole

Concomitant use of ketoconazole (a strong CYP3A, P-gp and BCRP inhibitor) 400 mg once daily for 7 days increased venetoclax Cmax by 130% and AUC0-INF by 540% [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Ritonavir

Concomitant use of ritonavir (a strong CYP3A, P-gp and OATP1B1/B3 inhibitor) 50 mg once daily for 14 days increased venetoclax Cmax by 140% and AUC by 690% [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Posaconazole

Concomitant use of posaconazole (a strong CYP3A and P-gp inhibitor) 300 mg with VENCLEXTA 50 mg and 100 mg for 7 days resulted in 61% and 86% higher venetoclax Cmax, respectively, compared with VENCLEXTA 400 mg administered alone. The venetoclax AUC024h was 90% and 144% higher, respectively [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Rifampin

Concomitant use of a single dose of rifampin (an OATP1B1/1B3 and P-gp inhibitor) 600 mg increased venetoclax Cmax by 106% and AUC0-INF by 78%. Concomitant use of multiple doses of rifampin (as a strong CYP3A inducer) 600 mg once daily for 13 days decreased venetoclax Cmax by 42% and AUC0-INF by 71% [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Warfarin

Concomitant use of a single 400 mg dose of VENCLEXTA with 5 mg of warfarin resulted in 18% to 28% increase in Cmax and AUC0-INF of R-warfarin and S-warfarin [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Digoxin

Concomitant use of a single dose of VENCLEXTA 100 mg with digoxin (a P-gp substrate) 0.5 mg increased digoxin Cmax by 35% and AUC0-INF by 9% [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

In Vitro Studies

Venetoclax is not an inhibitor or inducer of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 or CYP3A4. Venetoclax is a weak inhibitor of CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and UGT1A1.

Venetoclax is not an inhibitor of UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT1A9, or UGT2B7.

Venetoclax is an inhibitor and substrate of P-gp and BCRP and weak inhibitor of OATP1B1.

Venetoclax is not an inhibitor of OATP1B3, OCT1, OCT2, OAT1, OAT3, MATE1, or MATE2K.

Animal Toxicology And/Or Pharmacology

In dogs, venetoclax caused single-cell necrosis in various tissues, including the gallbladder, exocrine pancreas, and stomach with no evidence of disruption of tissue integrity or organ dysfunction; these findings were minimal to mild in magnitude. Following a 4-week dosing period and subsequent 4-week recovery period, minimal single-cell necrosis was still present in some tissues and reversibility has not been assessed following longer periods of dosing or recovery.

In addition, after approximately 3 months of daily dosing in dogs, venetoclax caused progressive white discoloration of the hair coat, due to loss of melanin pigment.

Clinical Studies

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

In Combination With Obinutuzumab

CLL14 (BO25323) was a randomized (1:1), multicenter, open label, actively controlled trial (NCT02242942) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with obinutuzumab (VEN+G) versus obinutuzumab in combination with chlorambucil (GClb) for patients with previously untreated CLL with coexisting medical conditions (total Cumulative Illness Rating Scale [CIRS] score >6 or CLcr <70 mL/min). The trial required hepatic transaminases and total bilirubin ≤2 times upper limit of normal and excluded patients with Richter’s transformation or any individual organ/system impairment score of 4 by CIRS except eye, ear, nose, and throat organ system.

All patients received obinutuzumab at 1000 mg on Days 1 (the first dose could be split as 100 mg and 900 mg on Days 1 and 2), 8 and 15 of Cycle 1, and on Day 1 of each subsequent cycle for a total of 6 cycles. Patients in the VEN+G arm began the VENCLEXTA 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] on Day 22 of Cycle 1 and received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily from Cycle 3 Day 1 until the last day of Cycle 12. Patients randomized to the GClb arm received chlorambucil 0.5 mg/kg orally on Day 1 and Day 15 of Cycles 1 to 12. Each cycle was 28 days.

A total of 432 patients were randomized, 216 to each arm. Baseline demographic and disease characteristics were similar between the arms. The median age was 72 years (range: 41 to 89 years), 89% were White, 67% were male; 36% and 43% were Binet stage B and C, respectively, and 88% had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <2. The median CIRS score was 8.0 (range: 0 to 28) and 58% of patients had CLcr <70 mL/min. A 17p deletion was detected in 8% of patients, TP53 mutations in 10%, 11q deletion in 19%, and unmutated IgVH in 57%.

Efficacy was based on progression-free survival (PFS) as assessed by an Independent Review Committee (IRC). The median duration of follow-up for PFS was 28 months (range: 0 to 36 months). Efficacy results for CLL14 are shown in Table 19. The Kaplan-Meier curve for PFS is shown in Figure 1.

Table 19: Efficacy Results in CLL14

EndpointVENCLEXTA + Obinutuzumab
(N = 216)
Obinutuzumab + Chlorambucil
(N = 216)
Progression-free survivala
Number of events, n (%)29 (13)79 (37)
Disease progression14 (6)71 (33)
Death15 (7)8 (4)
Median, monthsNot ReachedNot Reached
HR (95% CI)b0.33 (0.22, 0.51)
p-valueb<0.0001
Response ratec, n (%)
ORRd183 (85)154 (71)
95% CI(79, 89)(65, 77)
CR100 (46)47 (22)
CR+CRid107 (50)50 (23)
PR76 (35)104 (48)
CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; CR = complete remission; CRi = complete remission with incomplete marrow recovery; PR = partial remission; ORR = overall response rate (CR + CRi + PR).
aFrom randomization until earliest event of disease progression or death due to any cause. IRC-assessed; Kaplan-Meier estimate.
bHR estimate is based on Cox-proportional hazards model stratified by Binet Stage and geographic region; p-value based on log rank test stratified by the same factors.
cPer 2008 International Workshop for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) guidelines.
dp-values based on Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test; p=0.0007 for ORR; p <0.0001 for CR+CRi.

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curve of IRC-Assessed Progression-free Survival in CLL14

Kaplan-Meier Curve of IRC-Assessed
Progression-free Survival in CLL14 - Illustration

At the time of analysis, median overall survival (OS) had not been reached, with fewer than 10% of patients experiencing an event. The median duration of follow-up for OS was 28 months.

Minimal residual disease (MRD) was evaluated using allele-specific oligonucleotide polymerase chain reaction (ASO-PCR). The definition of negative status was less than one CLL cell per 104 leukocytes. Rates of MRD negativity 3 months after the completion of treatment regardless of response and in patients who achieved CR are shown in Table 20. At this assessment, 134 patients in the VEN+G arm who were MRD negative in peripheral blood had matched bone marrow specimens; of these, 122 patients (91%) were MRD negative in both peripheral blood and bone marrow.

Table 20: Minimal Residual Disease Negativity Rates Three Months After the Completion of Treatment in CLL14

VENCLEXTA + ObinutuzumabObinutuzumab + Chlorambucil
MRD negativity rate (ITT population)
N216216
Bone marrow, n (%)123 (57)37 (17)
95% CI(50, 64)(12, 23)
p-valuea<0.0001
Peripheral blood, n (%)163 (76)76 (35)
95% CI(69, 81)(29, 42)
p-valuea<0.0001
MRD negativity rate in patients with CR
N10047
Bone marrow, n (%)69 (69)21 (45)
95% CI(59, 78)(30, 60)
p-valuea0.0048
Peripheral blood, n (%)87 (87)29 (62)
95% CI(79, 93)(46, 75)
p-valuea0.0005
CI = confidence interval; CR = complete remission.
ap-value based on Chi-square test

Twelve months after the completion of treatment, MRD negativity rates in peripheral blood were 58% (126/216) in patients treated with VEN+G and 9% (20/216) in patients treated with GClb.

In Combination With Rituximab

MURANO was a randomized (1:1), multicenter, open label trial (NCT02005471) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with rituximab (VEN+R) versus bendamustine in combination with rituximab (B+R) in patients with CLL who had received at least one line of prior therapy. Patients in the VEN+R arm completed the VENCLEXTA 5-week ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] and received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily for 24 months from Cycle 1 Day 1 of rituximab in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Rituximab was initiated after the 5-week dose ramp-up at a dose of 375 mg/m² intravenously on Day 1 of Cycle 1 and 500 mg/m² intravenously on Day 1 of Cycles 2-6. Patients randomized to B+R received bendamustine 70 mg/m² intravenously on Days 1 and 2 for 6 cycles in combination with rituximab at the above described dose and schedule. Each cycle was 28 days.

A total of 389 patients were randomized: 194 to the VEN+R arm and 195 to the B+R arm. Baseline demographic and disease characteristics were similar between the VEN+R and B+R arms. The median age was 65 years (range: 22 to 85 years), 97% were White, 74% were male, and 99% had ECOG performance status <2. Median prior lines of therapy was 1 (range: 1 to 5); 59% had received 1 prior therapy, 26% had received 2 prior therapies, and 16% had received 3 or more prior therapies. Prior therapies included alkylating agents (94%), anti-CD20 antibodies (77%), B-cell receptor pathway inhibitors (2%), and prior purine analogs (81%, including fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab in 55%). A 17p deletion was detected in 24% of patients, TP53 mutations in 25%, 11q deletion in 32%, and unmutated IgVH in 63%.

Efficacy was based on PFS as assessed by an IRC. The median follow-up for PFS was 23.4 months (range: 0 to 37.4+ months). Efficacy results for MURANO are shown in Table 21. The Kaplan-Meier curve for PFS is shown in Figure 2.

Table 21: IRC-Assessed Efficacy Results in MURANO

EndpointVENCLEXTA + Rituximab
(N = 194)
Bendamustine + Rituximab
(N = 195)
Progression-free survivala
Number of events, n (%)35 (18)106 (54)
Disease progression, n2691
Death events, n915
Median, months (95% CI)Not Reached18.1 (15.8, 22.3)
HR (95% CI)b0.19 (0.13, 0.28)
p-valueb<0.0001
Response ratec, n (%)
ORR179 (92)141 (72)
95% CI(88, 96)(65, 78)
CR+CRi16 (8)7 (4)
nPR3 (2)1 (1)
PR160 (82)133 (68)
CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; CR = complete remission; CRi = complete remission with incomplete marrow recovery; nPR = nodular partial remission; PR = partial remission; ORR = overall response rate (CR + CRi + nPR + PR).
aKaplan-Meier estimate.
bHR estimate is based on Cox-proportional hazards model stratified by 17p deletion, risk status, and geographic region; p-value based on log-rank test stratified by the same factors.
cPer 2008 International Workshop for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) guidelines.

Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Curve of IRC-Assessed Progression-free Survival in MURANO

Kaplan-Meier Curve of IRC-Assessed
Progression-free Survival in MURANO - Illustration

At the time of analysis, median overall survival had not been reached in either arm after a median follow-up of 22.9 months.

At 3 months after the last dose of rituximab, the MRD negativity rate in peripheral blood in patients who achieved PR or better was 53% (103/194) in the VEN+R arm and 12% (23/195) in the B+R arm. The MRD-negative CR/CRi rate at this timepoint was 3% (6/194) in the VEN+R arm and 2% (3/195) in the B+R arm.

Monotherapy

The efficacy of VENCLEXTA monotherapy in previously treated CLL or SLL is based on three single-arm trials.

M13-982

M13-982 (NCT01889186) was an open-label, multicenter trial that enrolled 106 patients with CLL with 17p deletion who had received at least one prior therapy. In the trial, 17p deletion was confirmed in peripheral blood specimens from patients using Vysis CLL FISH Probe Kit, which is FDA approved for selection of patients for VENCLEXTA treatment. Patients received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily following completion of the ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Efficacy was based on overall response rate (ORR) as assessed by an IRC.

Table 22 summarizes the baseline demographic and disease characteristics of the trial population.

Table 22: Baseline Patient Characteristics in M13-982

CharacteristicN = 106
Age, years; median (range)67 (37-83)
White; %97
Male; %65
ECOG performance status; % 040
152
28
Tumor burden; % Absolute lymphocyte count ≥25 x 109/L50
One or more nodes ≥5 cm53
Number of prior therapies; median (range)2.5 (1-10)
Time since diagnosis, years; median (range)a6.6 (0.1-32.1)
ECOG = Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.
aN=105.

The median time on treatment at the time of evaluation was 12.1 months (range: 0 to 21.5 months). Efficacy results are shown in Table 23.

Table 23: Efficacy Results per IRC for Patients with Previously Treated CLL with 17p Deletion in M13-982

EndpointVENCLEXTA
N = 106
ORR, n (%)a85 (80)
(95% CI)(71, 87)
CR + CRi, n (%)8 (8)
CR, n (%)6 (6)
CRi, n (%)2 (2)
nPR, n (%)3 (3)
PR, n (%)74 (70)

CI = confidence interval; CR = complete remission; CRi = complete remission with incomplete marrow recovery; IRC = independent review committee; nPR = nodular partial remission; ORR = overall response rate (CR + CRi + nPR + PR); PR = partial remission.
aPer 2008 IWCLL guidelines.

The median time to first response was 0.8 months (range: 0.1 to 8.1 months).

Based on a later data cutoff date and investigator-assessed efficacy, the duration of response (DOR) ranged from 2.9 to 32.8+ months. The median DOR has not been reached with median follow-up of 22 months.

Minimal residual disease was evaluated in peripheral blood and bone marrow for patients who achieved CR or CRi, following treatment with VENCLEXTA. Three percent (3/106) achieved MRD negativity in the peripheral blood and bone marrow (less than one CLL cell per 104 leukocytes).

M12-175

M12-175 (NCT01328626) was an open-label, multicenter trial that enrolled previously treated patients with CLL or SLL, including those with 17p deletion. Efficacy was evaluated in 67 patients (59 with CLL, 8 with SLL) who had received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily following completion of a ramp-up dosing schedule. Patients continued this dose until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The median duration of treatment at the time of evaluation was 22.1 months (range: 0.5 to 71.7 months).

The median age was 65 years (range: 42 to 84 years), 78% were male and 87% were White. The median number of prior treatments was 3 (range: 1 to 11). At baseline, 67% of patients had one or more nodes ≥5 cm, 30% of patients had ALC ≥25 x 109/L, 33% had documented unmutated IgVH, and 21% had documented 17p deletion.

Efficacy was based on 2008 IWCLL guidelines and assessed by an IRC. The ORR was 76% (95% CI: 64%, 86%), with a CR + CRi rate was 10% and PR rate was 66%. The median DOR was 36.2 months (range: 2.4 to 52.4 months).

M14-032

M14-032 (NCT02141282) was an open-label, multicenter trial that enrolled patients with CLL who had been previously treated with and progressed on or after ibrutinib or idelalisib. Patients received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily following completion of the ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Patients continued this dose until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At the time of analysis, the median duration of treatment was 19.5 months (range: 0.1 to 39.5 months).

Of the 127 patients treated (91 with prior ibrutinib, 36 with prior idelalisib), the median age was 66 years (range: 28 to 85 years), 70% were male and 92% were White. The median number of prior treatments was 4 (range: 1 to 15). At baseline, 41% of patients had one or more nodes ≥5 cm, 31% had an absolute lymphocyte count ≥25 x 109/L, 57% had documented unmutated IgVH, and 39% had documented 17p deletion.

Efficacy was based on 2008 IWCLL guidelines and was assessed by an IRC. The ORR was 70% (95% CI: 61%, 78%), with a CR + CRi rate of 5% and PR rate of 65%. The median DOR was not reached with a median follow-up time of 19.9 months (range: 2.9 to 36 months).

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

VENCLEXTA was studied in adult patients with newly diagnosed AML who were 75 years or older, or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy based on at least one of the following criteria: baseline ECOG performance status of 2-3, severe cardiac or pulmonary comorbidity, moderate hepatic impairment, CLcr < 45 mL/min, or other comorbidity.

In Combination With Azacitidine Or Decitabine

VIALE-A was a randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial (NCT02993523) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine (VEN+AZA) versus placebo with azacitidine (PBO+AZA).

Patients received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily on Days 1-28 following completion of the ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] or placebo in combination with azacitidine 75 mg/m² either intravenously or subcutaneously on Days 1-7 of each 28-day cycle beginning on Cycle 1 Day 1. During the ramp-up, patients received TLS prophylaxis and were hospitalized for monitoring.

Once bone marrow assessment confirmed a remission, defined as less than 5% leukemia blasts with cytopenia following Cycle 1 treatment, VENCLEXTA or placebo was interrupted up to 14 days or until ANC ≥500/microliter and platelet count ≥50 × 103/microliter. For patients with resistant disease at the end of Cycle 1, a bone marrow assessment was performed after Cycle 2 or 3 and as clinically indicated. Azacitidine was resumed on the same day as VENCLEXTA or placebo following interruption. Azacitidine dose reduction was implemented in the clinical trial for management of hematologic toxicity [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Patients continued treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

A total of 431 patients were randomized: 286 to the VEN+AZA arm and 145 to the PBO+AZA arm. The baseline demographic and disease characteristic are shown in Table 24.

Table 24: Baseline Demographic and Disease Characteristics in Patients with AML

CharacteristicVENCLEXTA + Azacitidine
N = 286
Placebo + Azacitidine
N = 145
Age, years; median (range)76 (49, 91)76 (60, 90)
Race
White; %7675
Black or African American; %11.4
Asian; %2323
Males; %6060
ECOG performance status; %
0-15556
24041
35.63.4
Bone marrow blast; %
<30%3028
>30% to <50%2123
≥50%4949
Disease history; %
De Novo AML7576
Secondary AML2524
Cytogenetic risk detecteda, %
Intermediate6461
Poor3639
Mutation analyses detected; n/Nb (%)
IDH1 or IDH261/245 (25)28/127 (22)
IDH123/245 (9.4)11/127 (8.7)
IDH240/245 (16)18/127 (14)
FLT329/206 (14)22/108 (20)
NPM127/163 (17)17/86 (20)
TP5338/163 (23)14/86 (16)
aPer the 2016 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Guidelines.
bNumber of evaluable BMA specimens received at baseline.

Efficacy was based on overall survival (OS), measured from the date of randomization to death from any cause. The combination of VEN+AZA was superior in OS to PBO+AZA.

The Kaplan-Meier curve for OS is shown in Figure 3. The efficacy results of VIALE-A are shown in Table 25.

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curve for Overall Survival in VIALE-A

Kaplan-Meier Curve for Overall Survival in
VIALE-A - Illustration

Table 25: Efficacy Results in VIALE-A

EndpointVENCLEXTA + Azacitidine
(N = 286)
Placebo + Azacitidine
(N = 145)
Overall survival
Mediana, months (95% CI)14.7 (11.9, 18.7)9.6 (7.4, 12.7)
Hazard ratiob (95% CI)0.66 (0.52, 0.85)
p-valueb<0.001
Response rate
CR, n (%)105 (37)26 (18)
(95% CI)(31, 43)(12, 25)
p-valuec<0.001
Median DOCRa,d (months)18.013.4
95% CI(15.3, -)(8.7, 17.6)
CR+CRh, n (%)185 (65)33 (23)
(95% CI)(59, 70)(16, 30)
p-valuec<0.001
Median DOCR+CRha,e (months)17.813.9
95% CI(15.3, -)(10.4, 15.7)
CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; CR = complete remission; CRh = complete remission with partial hematologic recovery; DOCR = duration of CR; -= Not reached. CR (complete remission) was defined as absolute neutrophil count >1,000/microliter, platelets >100,000/microliter, red blood cell transfusion independence, and bone marrow with <5% blasts. Absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease. CRh (complete remission with partial hematological recovery) was defined as <5% of blasts in the bone marrow, no evidence of disease, and partial recovery of peripheral blood counts (platelets >50,000/microliter and ANC >500/microliter).
aKaplan-Meier estimate.
bHazard ratio estimate (VEN+AZA vs. PBO+AZA) is based on Cox-proportional hazards model stratified by cytogenetics (intermediate risk, poor risk) and age (18-<75, ≥75) as assigned at randomization; p-value based on log-rank test stratified by the same factors.
cP-value is from Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test stratified by age and cytogenetics risk.
dDuration of CR is defined as the number of days from the date of first response of CR to the date of earliest evidence of confirmed morphologic relapse, confirmed progressive disease or death due to disease progression.
eDuration of CR+CRh is defined as the number of days from the date of first response of CR+CRh (the first of either CR or CRh) to the date of earliest evidence of confirmed morphologic relapse, confirmed progressive disease, or death due to disease progression.

Among the patients treated with VEN+AZA, 155 were dependent on red blood cell (RBC) and/or platelets transfusions at baseline; of these patients, 49% (76/155) became independent of RBC and platelet transfusions during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period. Of the patients treated with VEN+AZA, 131 were independent of both RBC and platelet transfusions at baseline, 69% (90/131) remained transfusion independent during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period. Among the patients treated with PBO+AZA, 81 were dependent on red blood cell (RBC) and/or platelets transfusions at baseline; of these patients, 27% (22/81) patients became independent of RBC and platelet transfusions during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period. Of the patients treated with PBO+AZA, 64 were independent of both RBC and platelet transfusions at baseline, 42% (27/64) remained transfusion independent during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period.

The median time to first response of CR or CRh was 1.0 months (range: 0.6 to 14.3 months) with VEN+AZA treatment.

M14-358

M14-358 (NCT02203773) was a non-randomized, open-label trial that evaluated the efficacy of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine (N=84) or decitabine (N=31) in patients with newly diagnosed AML. Of those patients, 67 who received azacitidine combination and 13 who received decitabine combination were 75 years or older, or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy.

Patients received VENCLEXTA 400 mg orally once daily following completion of the ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] in combination with azacitidine (75 mg/m² either intravenously or subcutaneously on Days 1-7 of each 28-day cycle beginning on Cycle 1 Day 1) or decitabine (20 mg/m² intravenously on Days 1-5 of each 28-day cycle beginning on Cycle 1 Day 1). During the ramp-up phase, patients received TLS prophylaxis and were hospitalized for monitoring. Patients continued to treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Once bone marrow assessment confirmed a remission, defined as less than 5% leukemia blasts, with cytopenia following Cycle 1 treatment, VENCLEXTA was interrupted up to 14 days or until ANC ≥500/microliter and platelet count ≥50 × 103/microliter. Azacitidine dose reduction was implemented in the clinical trial for management of hematologic toxicity. Dose reductions for decitabine were not implemented in the clinical trial.

Table 26: Baseline Patient Characteristics for Patients with AML Treated with VENCLEXTA in Combination with Azacitidine or Decitabine

CharacteristicVENCLEXTA in Combination with Azacitidine
N = 67
VENCLEXTAin Combination with Decitabine
N = 13
Age, years; median (range)76 (61-90)75(68-86)
Race
White; %8777
Black or African American; %4.50
Asian; %1.50
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; %1.515
American Indian/Alaskan Native; %07.7
Unreported other; %60
Male; %6038
ECOG performance status; % 0-16492
2337.7
330
Disease history; % De Novo AML7385
Secondary AML2715
Mutation analyses detecteda; %
TP531531
IDH1 or IDH2270
FLT31623
NPM11915
Cytogenetic risk detectedb,c; %
Intermediate6438
Poor3462
Baseline comorbiditiesd, %
Severe cardiac disease4.57.7
Severe pulmonary disease1.50
Moderate hepatic impairment90
Creatinine clearance <45 mL/min137.7
ECOG = Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.
aIncludes 6 patients with insufficient sample for analysis in the azacitidine group and 4 in the decitabine group.
bAs defined by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) risk categorization v2014.
cNo mitosis in 1 patient in azacitidine group (excluded favorable risk by Fluorescence in situ Hybridization [FISH] analysis).
dPatients may have had more than one comorbidity.

Table 27: Efficacy Results for Patients with Newly Diagnosed AML Treated with VENCLEXTA in Combination with Azacitidine or Decitabine

Efficacy OutcomesVENCLEXTA in Combination with Azacitidine
N = 67
VENCLEXTA in Combination with Decitabine
N = 13
CR, n (%)29 (43)7 (54)
(95% CI)(31, 56)(25, 81)
CRh, n (%)12 (18)1 (7.7)
(95% CI)(9.6, 29)(0.2, 36)
CI = confidence interval; CR = complete remission; CRh = complete remission with partial hematological recovery.

The median follow-up was 15.9 months (range: 0.4 to 40.3 months) for VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine. The median duration of CR was 23.8 months (95% CI: 15.4, -), and the median duration of CR+CRh was 26.5 months (95% CI: 17.4, -).

The median follow-up was 11.0 months (range: 0.7 to 38.8 months) for VENCLEXTA in combination with decitabine. The median duration of CR was 12.7 months (95% CI: 1.4, -) and median duration of CR+CRh was 12.7 months (95% CI: 1.4, 20.0).

Duration of CR is defined as time from the first documentation of CR to the first date of relapse, clinical disease progression or death due to disease progression, whichever occurred earliest. Duration of CR+CRh is defined as time from the first documentation of either CR or CRh to the first date of relapse, clinical disease progression or death due to disease progression, whichever occurred earliest.

Median time to first CR or CRh for patients treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine was 1.0 month (range: 0.7 to 8.9 months).

Median time to first CR or CRh for patients treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with decitabine was 1.9 months (range: 0.8 to 4.2 months).

Of patients treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, 12% (8/67) subsequently received stem cell transplant.

The trial enrolled 35 additional patients (age range: 65 to 74 years) who did not have known comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy and were treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine (N=17) or decitabine (N=18).

For the 17 patients treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine, the CR rate was 35% (95% CI: 14%, 62%). The CRh rate was 41% (95% CI: 18%, 67%). Nine (53%) patients subsequently received stem cell transplant.

For the 18 patients treated with VENCLEXTA in combination with decitabine, the CR rate was 56% (95% CI: 31%, 79%). The CRh rate was 22% (95% CI: 6.4%, 48%). Four (22%) patients subsequently received stem cell transplant.

In Combination With Low-Dose Cytarabine

VIALE-C was a randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial (NCT03069352) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of VENCLEXTA in combination with low-dose cytarabine (VEN+LDAC) versus placebo with low-dose cytarabine (PBO+LDAC).

Patients received VENCLEXTA 600 mg orally once daily on Days 1-28 following completion of the ramp-up dosing schedule [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] or placebo in combination with cytarabine 20 mg/m² subcutaneously once daily on Days 1-10 of each 28-day cycle beginning on Cycle 1 Day 1. During the ramp-up phase, patients received TLS prophylaxis and were hospitalized for monitoring.

Once bone marrow assessment confirmed a remission, defined as less than 5% leukemia blasts with cytopenia following Cycle 1 treatment, VENCLEXTA or placebo was interrupted up to 14 days or until ANC ≥500/microliter and platelet count ≥50 × 103/microliter. For patients with resistant disease at the end of Cycle 1, a bone marrow assessment was performed after Cycle 2 or 3 and as clinically indicated. LDAC was resumed on the same day as VENCLEXTA or placebo following interruption. Patients continued to receive treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Table 28: Baseline Demographic and Disease Characteristics in Patients with AML

CharacteristicVENCLEXTA in Combination with Low-Dose Cytarabine
N = 143
Placebo in Combination with Low-Dose Cytarabine
N = 68
Age, years; median (range)76 (36, 93)76 (41, 88)
Race
White; %7169
Black or African American; %1.41.5
Asian; %2729
Male; %5557
ECOG performance status; % 0-1 2 352 44 4.250 37 13
Disease history; %
De Novo AML5966
Secondary AML4134
Mutation analyses detected; n/Na (%)
TP5322/112 (20)9/52 (17)
IDH1 or IDH221/112 (19)12/52 (23)
FLT320/112 (18)9/52 (17)
NPM118/112 (16)7/52 (13)
Cytogenetic risk detectedb; %
Favorable<14
Intermediate6363
Poor3329
aNumber of evaluable BMA specimens received at baseline.
bPer the 2016 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Guidelines.

Efficacy was based on the rate of CR and duration of CR with supportive evidence of rate of CR+CRh, duration of CR+CRh, and the rate of conversion from transfusion dependence to transfusion independence. The CR rate in the VEN+LDAC arm was 27% (95% CI: 20%, 35%) with a median duration of CR of 11.1 months (95% CI: 6.1, -), and the CR rate in the PBO+LDAC arm was 7.4% (95% CI: 2.4%, 16%) with a median duration of CR of 8.3 months (95% CI: 3.1, -). The CR+CRh rate in the VEN+LDAC arm was 47% (95% CI: 39%, 55%) and in the PBO+LDAC arm was 15% (95% CI: 7.3%, 25%) with a median duration of CR+CRh of 11.1 months with VEN+LDAC treatment and 6.2 months with PBO+LDAC treatment. The median time to first response of CR or CRh was 1.0 month (range: 0.7 to 5.8 months) with VEN+LDAC treatment.

Among the patients treated with VEN+LDAC, 111 were dependent on red blood cell (RBC) and/or platelets transfusions at baseline; of these patients, 33% (37/111) patients became independent of RBC and platelet transfusions during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period. Of the patients treated with VEN+LDAC, 32 were independent of both RBC and platelet transfusions at baseline, 50% (16/32) remained transfusion independent during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period.

Among the patients treated with PBO+LDAC, 55 were dependent on red blood cell (RBC) and/or platelets transfusions at baseline; of these patients, 13% (7/55) patients became independent of RBC and platelet transfusions during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period. Of the patients treated with PBO+LDAC, 13 were independent of both RBC and platelet transfusions at baseline, 31% (4/13) remained transfusion independent during any consecutive ≥56-day post-baseline period.

VEN+LDAC did not significantly improve OS versus PBO+LDAC. The hazard ratio (HR) for OS was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.52, 1.07); p-value 0.114. The median OS for VEN+LDAC arm was 7.2 months (95% CI: 5.6, 10.1) and for PBO+LDAC arm was 4.1 months (95% CI: 3.1, 8.8).

M14-387

M14-387 (NCT02287233) was a non-randomized, open-label trial that evaluated the efficacy of VEN+LDAC (N=82) in patients with newly diagnosed AML, including patients with previous exposure to a hypomethylating agent for an antecedent hematologic disorder. Of those patients, 61 were 75 years or older, or had comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy.

Patients received VENCLEXTA 600 mg orally once daily on Days 1-28 following completion of the ramp-up phase [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION] in combination with cytarabine 20 mg/m² subcutaneously once daily on Days 1-10 of each 28-day cycle beginning on Cycle 1 Day 1. During the ramp-up, patients received TLS prophylaxis and were hospitalized for monitoring. Once bone marrow assessment confirmed a remission, defined as less than 5% leukemia blasts with cytopenia following Cycle 1 treatment, VENCLEXTA was interrupted up to 14 days or until ANC ≥500/microliter and platelet count ≥50 × 103/microliter. Patients continued treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Table 29: Baseline Patient Characteristics for Patients with AML Treated with VENCLEXTA in Combination with Low-Dose Cytarabine

CharacteristicVENCLEXTA in Combination with Low-Dose Cytarabine
N = 61
Age, years; median (range)76 (63-90)
Race
White; %92
Black or African American; %1.6
Asian; %1.6
Unreported; %4.9
Male; %74
ECOG performance status; %
0-166
233
31.6
Disease history, %
De Novo AML54
Secondary AML46
Mutation analyses detecteda; %
TP538.2
IDH1 or IDH223
FLT321
NPM19.8
Cytogenetic risk detectedb; %
Intermediate59
Poor34
No mitoses6.6
Baseline comorbiditiesc; %
Severe cardiac disease9.8
Moderate hepatic impairment4.9
Creatinine clearance ≥30 or <45 mL/min3.3
aIncludes 7 patients with insufficient sample for analysis.
bAs defined by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) risk categorization v2014 cPatients may have had more than one comorbidity.

The median follow-up was 7.3 months (range: 0.3 to 54.0 months). The CR rate was 21% (95% CI: 12, 34) and CRh rate was 21% (95% CI: 12, 34).

The median duration of CR was 22.9 months (95% CI: 5.1, -) and the median duration of CR+CRh was 14.3 months (95% CI: 6.1, 31.2).

Median time to first CR or CRh for patients treated with VEN+LDAC was 1.0 month (range: 0.8 to 9.4 months).

The trial enrolled 21 additional patients (age range: 67 to 74 years) who did not have known comorbidities that precluded the use of intensive induction chemotherapy and were treated with VEN+LDAC. The CR rate was 33% (95% CI: 15%, 57%). The CRh rate was 24% (95% CI: 8.2%, 47%). One patient (4.8%) subsequently received stem cell transplant.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

VENCLEXTA®
(ven-KLEKS-tuh)
(venetoclax tablets)

What is the most important information I should know about VENCLEXTA?

VENCLEXTA can cause serious side effects, including:

  • Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells. TLS can cause kidney failure, the need for dialysis treatment, and may lead to death. Your healthcare provider will do tests to check your risk of getting TLS before you start taking VENCLEXTA. You will receive other medicines before starting and during treatment with VENCLEXTA to help reduce your risk of TLS. You may also need to receive intravenous (IV) fluids into your vein. Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check for TLS when you first start treatment and during treatment with VENCLEXTA. It is important to keep your appointments for blood tests. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of TLS during treatment with VENCLEXTA, including:
    • fever
    • chills
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • confusion
    • shortness of breath
    • seizures
    • irregular heartbeat
    • dark or cloudy urine
    • unusual tiredness
    • muscle or joint pain

Drink plenty of water during treatment with VENCLEXTA to help reduce your risk of getting TLS.

Drink 6 to 8 glasses (about 56 ounces total) of water each day, starting 2 days before your first dose, on the day of your first dose of VENCLEXTA, and each time your dose is increased.

Your healthcare provider may delay, decrease your dose, or stop treatment with VENCLEXTA if you have side effects.

See “What are the possible side effects of VENCLEXTA?” for more information about side effects.

What is VENCLEXTA?

VENCLEXTA is a prescription medicine used:

  • to treat adults with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).
  • in combination with azacitidine, or decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine to treat adults with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who:
    • are 75 years of age or older, or
    • have other medical conditions that prevent the use of standard chemotherapy.

It is not known if VENCLEXTA is safe and effective in children.

Who should not take VENCLEXTA?

Certain medicines must not be taken when you first start taking VENCLEXTA and while your dose is being slowly increased because of the risk of increased tumor lysis syndrome (TLS).

  • Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. VENCLEXTA and other medicines may affect each other causing serious side effects.
  • Do not start new medicines during treatment with VENCLEXTA without first talking with your healthcare provider.

Before taking VENCLEXTA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have kidney problems
  • have liver problems
  • have problems with your body salts or electrolytes, such as potassium, phosphorus, or calcium
  • have a history of high uric acid levels in your blood or gout
  • are scheduled to receive a vaccine. You should not receive a “live vaccine” before, during, or after treatment with VENCLEXTA, until your healthcare provider tells you it is okay. If you are not sure about the type of immunization or vaccine, ask your healthcare provider. These vaccines may not be safe or may not work as well during treatment with VENCLEXTA.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. VENCLEXTA may harm your unborn baby.
    • If you are able to become pregnant, your healthcare provider should do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with VENCLEXTA.
    • Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control during treatment and for at least 30 days after the last dose of VENCLEXTA.
    • If you become pregnant or think you are pregnant, tell your healthcare provider right away.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if VENCLEXTA passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment and for 1 week after the last dose of VENCLEXTA.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. VENCLEXTA and other medicines may affect each other causing serious side effects. See “Who should not take VENCLEXTA?”

How should I take VENCLEXTA?

  • Take VENCLEXTA exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it. Do not change your dose of VENCLEXTA or stop taking VENCLEXTA unless your healthcare provider tells you to.
  • When you first take VENCLEXTA:
    • You may need to take VENCLEXTA at a hospital or clinic to be monitored for TLS.
    • If you are taking VENCLEXTA for CLL or SLL, your healthcare provider will start VENCLEXTA at a low-dose. Your dose will be slowly increased weekly over 5 weeks up to the full dose. Read the Quick Start Guide that comes with VENCLEXTA before your first dose.
    • If you are taking VENCLEXTA for AML, your healthcare provider will start VENCLEXTA at a low-dose. Your dose will be slowly increased daily up to the full dose. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions carefully while increasing to the full dose.
  • Follow the instructions about drinking water described in the section of this Medication Guide about TLS called “What is the most important information I should know about VENCLEXTA?” and also in the Quick Start Guide.
  • Take VENCLEXTA 1 time a day with a meal and water at about the same time each day.
  • Swallow VENCLEXTA tablets whole. Do not chew, crush, or break the tablets.
  • If you miss a dose of VENCLEXTA and it has been less than 8 hours, take your dose as soon as possible. If you miss a dose of VENCLEXTA and it has been more than 8 hours, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at your usual time.
  • If you vomit after taking VENCLEXTA, do not take an extra dose. Take the next dose at your usual time the next day.

What should I avoid while taking VENCLEXTA?

You should not drink grapefruit juice, eat grapefruit, Seville oranges (often used in marmalades), or starfruit while you are taking VENCLEXTA. These products may increase the amount of VENCLEXTA in your blood.

What are the possible side effects of VENCLEXTA?

VENCLEXTA can cause serious side effects, including:

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about VENCLEXTA?”
  • Low white blood cell count (neutropenia). Low white blood cell counts are common with VENCLEXTA but can also be severe. Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood counts during treatment with VENCLEXTA and may pause dosing.
  • Infections. Death and serious infections such as pneumonia and blood infection (sepsis) have happened during treatment with VENCLEXTA. Your healthcare provider will closely monitor and treat you right away if you have fever or any signs of infection during treatment with VENCLEXTA.

Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a fever or any signs of an infection during treatment with VENCLEXTA.

The most common side effects of VENCLEXTA when used in combination with obinutuzumab or rituximab or alone in people with CLL or SLL include:

  • low platelet counts
  • low red blood cell counts
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • upper respiratory tract infection
  • cough
  • muscle and joint pain
  • tiredness
  • swelling of your arms, legs, hands, and feet

The most common side effects of VENCLEXTA in combination with azacitidine or decitabine or low-dose cytarabine in people with AML include:

  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • low platelet count
  • constipation
  • low white blood cell count
  • fever with low white blood cell count
  • tiredness
  • vomiting
  • swelling of arms, legs, hands, or feet
  • fever
  • infection in lungs
  • shortness of breath
  • bleeding
  • low red blood cell count
  • rash
  • stomach (abdominal) pain
  • infection in your blood
  • muscle and joint pain
  • dizziness
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • low blood pressure

VENCLEXTA may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have concerns about fertility.

These are not all the possible side effects of VENCLEXTA. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store VENCLEXTA?

  • Store VENCLEXTA at or below 86°F (30°C).
  • For people with CLL or SLL, keep VENCLEXTA tablets in the original package during the first 4 weeks of treatment. Do not transfer the tablets to a different container.

Keep VENCLEXTA and all medicines out of reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of VENCLEXTA.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use VENCLEXTA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give VENCLEXTA to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about VENCLEXTA that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in VENCLEXTA?

Active ingredient: venetoclax

Inactive ingredients: copovidone, colloidal silicon dioxide, polysorbate 80, sodium stearyl fumarate, and calcium phosphate dibasic.

The 10 mg and 100 mg coated tablets also include: iron oxide yellow, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, talc, and titanium dioxide. The 50 mg coated tablets also include: iron oxide yellow, iron oxide red, iron oxide black, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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