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Vistaril vs. Atarax

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Are Atarax and Vistaril the Same Thing?

Vistaril (hydroxyzine pamoate) and Atarax (hydroxyzine hydrochloride) are antihistamines with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties used as sedatives to treat anxiety and tension.

Vistaril is also used together with other medications given for anesthesia. Vistaril may also be used to control nausea and vomiting, or to treat allergic skin reactions such as hives or contact dermatitis.

What Are Possible Side Effects of Vistaril?

Common side effects of Vistaril include:

  • dizziness,
  • drowsiness,
  • blurred vision,
  • dry mouth,
  • stomach upset,
  • or headache.
Tell your doctor if you experience serious side effects of Vistaril including:
  • restless muscle movements in your eyes, tongue, jaw, or neck,
  • tremors (uncontrolled shaking),
  • confusion,
  • or seizures (convulsions).

What Are Possible Side Effects of Atarax?

Common side effects of Atarax include:

Tell your doctor if you experience serious side effects of Atarax including mental/mood changes (such as restlessness, confusion, hallucinations), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, or fast/irregular heartbeat. Hydroxyzine is available in generic form.

What is Vistaril?

Vistaril (hydroxyzine pamoate) is an antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties used as a sedative to treat anxiety and tension. Vistaril is also used together with other medications given for anesthesia. Vistaril may also be used to control nausea and vomiting, or to treat allergic skin reactions such as hives or contact dermatitis. Vistaril is available in generic form.

What is Atarax?

Atarax (hydroxyzine hydrochloride) is an antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties used for symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested.

What Drugs Interact With Vistaril?

Vistaril may interact with other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold or allergy medicine, sedatives, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression, or anxiety).

What Drugs Interact With Atarax?

Atarax may interact with other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold or allergy medicine, sedatives, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression, or anxiety).

How Should Vistaril Be Taken?

The recommended dose of Vistaril for treating itch (pruritus) is 25 mg, 3 or 4 times daily. For sedation, the recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg. The dose to treat anxiety and tension is 50 to 100 mg 4 times daily. Vistaril may interact with other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold or allergy medicine, sedatives, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression, or anxiety). Tell your doctor all prescription and over-the-counter medications and supplements you use. Vistaril is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It could harm the fetus. Discuss birth control with your doctor. It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

How Should Atarax Be Taken?

For symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested the adult dose of Atarax is 50-100 mg four times/day. Hydroxyzine Hydrochloride is administered orally in the form of tablets. Hydroxyzine Hydrochloride should be used with caution if used in combination with CNS depressants. Therefore, when central nervous system depressants are administered concomitantly with hydroxyzine their dosage should be reduced. During pregnancy, Atarax should be used only if prescribed. It is unknown if Atarax passes into breast milk. Breastfeeding while using Atarax is not recommended.

Reviewed on 5/8/2018

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

SOURCE:

RxList. Vistaril Medication Guide.

https://www.rxlist.com/vistaril-drug.htm#medguide

RxList. Atarax Side Effects Drug Center.

https://www.rxlist.com/atarax-side-effects-drug-center.htm

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