Vitamin D deficiency refers to having excessively low levels of vitamin D in the body. Severe vitamin D deficiency characteristically caused the disease known as rickets, in which bone does not mineralize properly, leading to misshapen bones.
Signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency as well as its effects may vary. A mild deficiency may not produce any signs or symptoms. The symptoms are subtle in most people and can include
- muscle weakness, and
- bone pain.
Deficiency of vitamin D has also been linked to certain health risks including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and cognitive impairment in older people.
Causes of vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency can be caused by inadequate exposure to sunlight or inadequate consumption of foods containing the vitamin. Certain kidney diseases and gastrointestinal diseases can also result in vitamin D deficiency.
Other vitamin d deficiency symptoms and signs
- Bone Pain
- Muscle Weakness