VoLumen

Last updated on RxList: 1/3/2019
VoLumen Side Effects Center

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

Last reviewed on RxList 1/3/2019

VoLumen (barium sulfate suspension) is a positive contrast agent for radiographic studies indicated for use in Computed Tomography (CT scan) to opacify the GI tract. Side effects of VoLumen are uncommon and usually mild and include:

  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • diarrhea and abdominal cramping

The amount of VoLumen to be administered will depend on the degree and extent of contrast required in the area(s) under examination and on the technique employed. VoLumen may interact with other drugs taken orally at the same time. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant before using VoLumen; radiation is known to cause harm to the fetus exposed in utero. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

Our VoLumen (barium sulfate suspension) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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VoLumen Consumer Information

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Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe stomach pain;
  • severe stomach cramps, diarrhea, or constipation;
  • chest pain, trouble breathing or swallowing;
  • ringing in your ears;
  • sweating, confusion, fast heart rate; or
  • pale skin, blue-colored skin, weakness.

Common side effects may include:

  • mild stomach cramps;
  • nausea, vomiting; or
  • loose stools or mild constipation.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the entire detailed patient monograph for VoLumen (Barium Sulfate Suspension)

SLIDESHOW

Digestive Disorders: Common Misconceptions See Slideshow
VoLumen Professional Information

SIDE EFFECTS

Adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramping, accompanying the use of barium sulfate formulations are infrequent and usually mild. Severe reactions (approximately 1 in 1,000,000) and fatalities (approximately 1 in 10,000,000) have occurred. Procedural complications are rare, but may include aspiration pneumonitis, granuloma formation, intravasation, embolization and peritonitis following intestinal perforation, vasovagal and syncopal episodes, and fatalities.

Allergic Reactions

Due to the increased likelihood of allergic reactions in atopic patients, it is important that a complete history of known and suspected allergies as well as allergic-like symptoms, e.g., rhinitis, bronchial asthma, eczema and urticaria, be obtained prior to any medical procedure utilizing these products. A mild allergic reaction would most likely include generalized pruritus, erythema or urticaria (approximately 1 in 250,000). Such reactions will generally respond to an antihistamine such as 50 mg of diphenhydramine or its equivalent. In the rarer, more serious reactions (approximately 1 in 1,000,000) laryngeal edema, bronchospasm or hypotension could develop. Severe reactions which may require emergency measures are often characterized by peripheral vasodilation, hypotension, reflex tachycardia, dyspnea, agitation, confusion and cyanosis, progressing to unconsciousness. Treatment should be initiated immediately with 0.3 to 0.5 cc of 1:1000 epinephrine subcutaneously. If bronchospasm predominates, 0.25 to 0.50 grams of intravenous aminophylline should be given slowly. Appropriate vasopressors might be required. Adrenocorticosteroids, even if given intravenously, exert no significant effect on the acute allergic reactions for a few hours. The administration of these agents should not be regarded as emergency measures for the treatment of allergic reactions. Apprehensive patients may develop weakness, pallor, tinnitus, diaphoresis and bradycardia following the administration of any diagnostic agent. Such reactions are usually non-allergic in nature and are best treated by having the patient lie flat for an additional 10 to 30 minutes under observation.

Read the entire FDA prescribing information for VoLumen (Barium Sulfate Suspension)

© VoLumen Patient Information is supplied by Cerner Multum, Inc. and VoLumen Consumer information is supplied by First Databank, Inc., used under license and subject to their respective copyrights.

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