West Nile Virus
Sandra Gonzalez Gompf, MD, FACP
Sandra Gonzalez Gompf, MD, FACP is a U.S. board-certified Infectious Disease subspecialist. Dr. Gompf received a Bachelor of Science from the University of Miami, and a Medical Degree from the University of South Florida. Dr. Gompf completed residency training in Internal Medicine at the University of South Florida followed by subspecialty fellowship training there in Infectious Diseases under the directorship of Dr. John T. Sinnott, IV.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
- West Nile virus facts
- What is the history of West Nile virus?
- Where did the West Nile virus come from?
- How do people get West Nile virus?
- How do mosquitoes get infected with the West Nile virus?
- Is the West Nile virus contagious?
- Besides mosquitoes, can other insects transmit the West Nile virus?
- Are there other viruses like the West Nile virus?
- What is the incubation period for a West Nile virus infection?
- What are West Nile virus infection symptoms and signs?
- When is there an increased risk for West Nile virus infection?
- Who is at risk for getting a West Nile virus infection?
- Can you get West Nile virus infection from a blood transfusion?
- Can you get West Nile virus infection from having an organ transplantation?
- How do health care professionals diagnose a West Nile virus infection?
- What is the treatment for West Nile virus? Is it possible to prevent West Nile virus infection with a vaccine?
- Is a woman's pregnancy at risk if she gets infected with the West Nile virus?
- What is the prognosis of West Nile virus infection?
- What can a community do to reduce the risk of an outbreak of the West Nile virus?
- What can a person do to reduce the risk of becoming infected with the West Nile virus?
West Nile virus facts
- West Nile virus (WNV) is a virus capable of causing disease in humans.
- Symptoms and signs of West Nile virus include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph nodes.
- Severe symptoms and signs may include stiff neck, sleepiness, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, and paralysis.
- Most cases of West Nile virus infection are mild and go unreported.
- A key feature of neuroinvasive West Nile virus disease is encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain.
- The virus is carried from infected birds to people by mosquitoes.
- There is no evidence for transmission from person to person.
- West Nile virus first gained attention in the U.S. in 1999 after an outbreak in New York City. West Nile virus infections have been found in people, birds, or mosquitoes and have been reported in all U.S. states except Alaska.
- Use of insect repellents may help reduce the risk of becoming infected with the West Nile virus.
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