What Age Should a Child Learn to Read, Write and Do Math?

Reviewed on 6/24/2021

Learning to read, write and do math is always a milestone in kids that parents treasure. Children will learn to read between the ages of four and six and write and do math between six and 10 years old.
Learning to read, write and do math is always a milestone in kids that parents treasure. Children will learn to read between the ages of four and six and write and do math between six and 10 years old.

Learning to read, write and do math is always a milestone in kids that parents treasure. However, it is important to note that each child may achieve these milestones at different times. As a result, a delay may not be easy to recognize, but in general, most children learn to

  • Read when aged four to five years old.
  • Write when aged six to 10 years old.
  • Do math when aged six to 10 years old.

What are the reading milestones parents should look out for in their child?

Kids start to have some pre-reading skills by the time they turn four years old. Reading milestones at different age include

Ages four to five years: Learning pre-reading skills

By this age, children learn to

  • Substitute words in rhyming patterns.
  • Write some letters of the alphabet.
  • Pronounce simple words.
  • Form vocabulary.

Ages six to 10 years: Learning to read

By this age, children learn to

  • Read simple books by mid-first grade.
  • Know about 100 common words.
  • Read independently by third grade.
  • Sound out unfamiliar words when reading.
  • Enjoy various types of stories.

Ages 11 to 13 years: Reading to learn

By this age, children learn to

  • Read to learn about their hobbies and other interests.
  • Understand what they have read.
  • Read fiction, including chapter books and nonfiction, including magazines and newspapers.

What are the writing milestones parents should look out for in their child?

Writing is a complex skill that involves more than sitting with a pen and paper. Reading and writing complement each other. Hence, kids learn the foundation of writing when they learn to read. Writing milestones at different ages include

Ages 6 to 10 years: Learning to write

By this age, children learn to

  • Write consonant sounds (by the end of kindergarten).
  • Write clearly and easily.
  • Write stories with a little detail by second grade.

Ages 11 to 13 years: Learning to write

By this age, children learn to

  • Use the correct grammar and punctuation most of the time.
  • Write varied sentence structures, including simple, compound and complex sentences.
  • Write lucidly.
  • Use references from different sources to write compositions.
  • Write at a good speed.

What are the math learning milestones parents should look out for in their child?

Math also requires a distinctive set of skills. It also involves a variety of concepts and covers a broad vocabulary. Math skills may differ in children. They could be strong in some types of math but weak in others. For example, your child may be a whiz at fractions but slow while solving a situational problem. Here’s how math skills typically develop as kids age.

Ages 6 to 10 years: Learning math

By this age, children learn to

  • Count and understand numbers.
  • Identify basic shapes, such as triangles and squares, by first grade.
  • Understand fractions and word problems by fourth grade.
  • Tell time and understand the value of different denominations of money.
  • Count to 100 by ones, twos, fives and 10s.
  • Do basic addition and subtraction up to 20.

Ages 11 to 13 years: Learning math

By this age, children learn to

  • Solve beginner’s algebra and geometry.
  • Work with easy fractions, decimals and percents.
  • Perform more complex math problems with multiple steps.
  • Understand concepts of weights, measures and percentages completely.

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References
WebMD: "When Should Kids Learn to Read, Write, and Do Math?" https://www.webmd.com/parenting/features/when-should-kids-learn-read-write-math#1

Understood: "Math Skills at Different Ages." https://www.understood.org/en/learning-thinking-differences/signs-symptoms/age-by-age-learning-skills/math-skills-what-to-expect-at-different-ages#First_and_second_graders

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