What Are Postnasal Drip Medications?

Reviewed on 12/8/2020

What is postnasal drip?

Postnasal drip medications help decrease mucus production.
Postnasal drip medications help decrease mucus production.

The inner lining of your nose and throat has several small glands that secrete a sticky fluid called mucus. This mucus moistens the inside of the nose and sinuses (air-filled cavities present in the skull), traps inhaled dust and other particles, helps guard against infections and moistens the air and makes it more comfortable to breathe. You subsequently swallow the mucus produced throughout the day without even realizing it. Postnasal drips refer to the feeling of mucus collecting or dripping inside the throat from the back of your nose (postnasally). This may occur when there is excess mucus formation, when the mucus becomes too thick or when the normal flow of mucus is blocked or hindered. 

Postnasal drip may cause various symptoms that include

  • Feeling that something is dripping or collecting in the throat
  • Need to frequently clear the throat
  • Cough that may get worse at night
  • Feeling as if there is a lump in the throat
  • Frequent swallowing
  • Hoarse or gurgling speech
  • Fever and pain may occur if infection occurs

What causes postnasal drip?

Postnasal drip may be caused by several factors that may lead to excess mucus formation, making mucus too thick or blocking the normal flow of mucus. These include

What are the medications for postnasal drip?

Management of postnasal drip involves home management, over-the-counter medications, prescription medications and surgery in some cases.

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References
Medscape Medical Reference

Harvard Medical School


American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation


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