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What Does a Crohn’s Disease Attack Feel Like?

Reviewed on 6/4/2020

What is Crohn’s disease?

Crohn's Disease Signs and Symptoms
The early signs of Crohn's disease are low-grade fever, prolonged diarrhea, abdominal pain, and others

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease featuring chronic inflammation of the inner of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Patients experience periods of symptomatic relapse and remission.

The presentation of the disease is variable; some stay symptom-free most of their lives, while others may have severe, chronic symptoms that don’t resolve.

The first peak age of patients with the disease usually occurs between the ages of 15 and 30 years (most common) and the second peak age occurs between the ages of 60 and 70 years. Crohn’s disease is more common in women.

The disease can cause life-threatening complications but usually does not shorten life expectancy. It is a lifelong, progressive disease with no cure. With appropriate treatment, however, the symptoms and progression can be controlled.

What causes Crohn’s disease?

What initiates the autoimmune reaction in Crohn’s disease is unclear, but genetic and environmental factors play roles. Eventually there is chronic inflammation of the intestines from a misdirected immune system. This leads to tissue injury in the GI tract.

Some likely culprits in instigating Crohn’s disease are

What are the early signs of Crohn’s disease?

The early signs and symptoms of Crohn's disease may include:

If the large intestine is involved, patients may report diffuse abdominal pain accompanied by mucus, blood and pus in the stool. Crohn’s disease of the small intestine usually presents with evidence of malabsorption, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, and anorexia.

What are the late signs of Crohn’s disease?

QUESTION

Medically speaking, the term "myalgia" refers to what type of pain? See Answer

How is Crohn’s disease diagnosed?

What is the treatment for Crohn’s disease?

Crohn’s disease is a lifelong, progressive disease with no cure. But with appropriate treatment, the symptoms, progression and episodes of remission can be controlled. The treatment usually involves

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Immune system suppressors and immune system modulator drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Painkillers
  • Nutritional supplements for:
  • Nutritional therapy: Special diet given through feeding tubes or injected.
  • Surgery: Removal of damaged parts of the digestive tract. The benefits of surgery for Crohn's disease are usually temporary because the disease recurs.

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References
Medscape Medical Reference
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