What Are the Symptoms of a Tumor in the Abdomen?

Reviewed on 4/19/2021

An abdominal mass related to a stomach tumor is most often found during a routine physical exam. Symptoms of a tumor in the abdomen may include indigestion and stomach discomfort, bloating after eating, nausea, loss of appetite and heartburn.
An abdominal mass related to a stomach tumor is most often found during a routine physical exam. Symptoms of a tumor in the abdomen may include indigestion and stomach discomfort, bloating after eating, nausea, loss of appetite and heartburn.

An abdominal mass related to a stomach tumor is most often found during a routine physical exam. A hard lump in the abdomen with or without pain, unexplained weight loss and an enlarged abdomen are usually considered symptoms of an abdominal tumor. In the early stages of stomach cancer, the following symptoms may occur

In more advanced stages of gastric cancer, the following signs and symptoms may occur

What are the possible risk factors of abdominal tumors?

An abdominal tumor or gastric cancer may occur when abnormal cells in the stomach lining start growing out of control, leading to the formation of a tumor. Cancer begins when an error (mutation) occurs in a cell's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). The cells then divide and grow unchecked. These accumulated cancer cells begin in the innermost layer of the stomach (mucus-producing cells that line the stomach). It then advances and spreads outward over time. When left untreated, cancer starts to spread to other parts of the body usually via the lymphatic system. The risk factors and causes of abdominal tumors may include

What are the different types of abdominal tumors?

The different types of abdominal tumors may include

What are the possible treatment options for abdominal tumors?

The treatment options of abdominal tumors may include

  • Surgery: Surgery is a common treatment of all stages of gastric cancer. The type of surgery required may depend on the patient’s condition, stage of the tumor and prognosis.
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection: Endoscopic mucosal resection is a procedure that uses an endoscope to remove early-stage cancer and precancerous growths from the lining of the digestive tract without surgery. An endoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also include tools to remove growths from the lining of the digestive tract.
  • Chemotherapy: This therapy uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or administered intravenously or intramuscularly, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is administered in the body’s cavity, such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is administered depends on the type and stage of the cancer.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the area of the body with cancer.
  • Chemoradiation: Chemoradiation therapy combines chemotherapy and radiation therapy to treat cancer. Chemoradiation given after surgery to lower the risk of cancer recurrence is called adjuvant therapy. The effects of chemoradiation given before surgery to shrink the tumor (neoadjuvant therapy) are being studied.
  • Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells. Targeted therapies usually cause less harm to normal cells than chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses the patient's immune system to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or made in a laboratory are used to boost, direct or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer. This type of cancer treatment is also called biotherapy or biologic therapy.

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References
Medscape Medical Reference

National Organization for Rare Disorders


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