What Causes Hypothyroidism?

Reviewed on 8/25/2020

Hypothyroidism results when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones.
Hypothyroidism results when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones.

Hypothyroidism results when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism may be due to a number of factors:

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is unable to produce sufficient levels of thyroid hormones. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the neck. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism, body temperature, heart rate, and the digestive system. A decrease in the levels of the thyroid hormone causes several body functions to slow down. Hypothyroidism affects women more than men. It can begin at any age but commonly affects middle-aged women. It may be diagnosed during a routine blood work or after symptoms begin. Sometimes, hypothyroidism starts after pregnancy.

There are several safe and effective treatment options for hypothyroidism. The treatment mainly involves supplementation with synthetic thyroid hormones to increase the hormone levels to normal.

Who can get hypothyroidism?

Anyone can develop hypothyroidism, but the risk is high in those:

SLIDESHOW

Hyperthyroidism Symptoms and Treatment See Slideshow

What are the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms in adults may include the following:

Signs and symptoms in babies include the following:

Signs and symptoms in children and young adults include the following:

In general, children and teens who develop hypothyroidism have the same signs and symptoms as adults do, but in addition, they may also present with

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References
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000353.htm

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/122393-overview

https://www.thyroid.org/hypothyroidism/

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