DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) is a hormone produced by your adrenal glands, located on the top of each kidney. Some DHEA is also produced by the testes and ovaries, and plays an important role in the production of the male sex hormone testosterone and the female sex hormone estrogen. DHEA also has a role in the making of insulin growth factor-1 that controls muscle growth and insulin sensitivity.
High DHEA levels could mean you have:
What does it mean if your DHEA is low?
DHEA levels normally decline with age in both men and women. However, a low level of DHEA may indicate:
- Addison’s disease (adrenal glands don’t make enough of certain hormones)
- Hypopituitarism (pituitary gland doesn’t make enough of its hormones)
- Trouble getting or keeping an erection
- Vaginal atrophy (thinning and dryness of the vaginal tissues)
- Low sex drive
- Osteoporosis or weakened bones
What are symptoms of low DHEA?
Symptoms of low levels of DHEA due to adrenal gland disorder include:
What is a DHEA test used for?
A DHEA test measures the level of DHEA and DHEA sulfate (DHEA-S) in your blood and is mainly used to:
- Check whether your adrenal glands are functioning properly.
- Diagnose tumors in the adrenal glands.
- Diagnose problems in testes or ovaries.
- Identify the cause of early puberty in boys.
- Identify the cause of hirsutism and masculine features in women and girls.
A DHEA test is often accompanied by other hormone tests, such as testosterone tests or estrogen tests.
What do my DHEA test results mean?
Test results may vary depending on factors such as your age, gender, health history and the method used for the test..
- Normal DHEA level: Your adrenal glands are working well.
- High DHEA level: Your body is producing too much of the hormones. Excess hormone production could be related to adrenal cancer, tumors or adrenal hyperplasia (overgrowth of adrenal hormone-producing tissue).
- Low DHEA level: Your adrenal glands are not making enough of the hormones, which could be caused by damage to the adrenal glands or diseased pituitary glands.
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University of Rochester Medical Center. Dehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate. https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=167&contentid=dhea
Medline Plus. DHEA Sulfate Test. https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/dhea-sulfate-test/