Highest in fiber
Fiber, also known as roughage, is a type of carbohydrate your body cannot break down. It passes through your body undigested and does a lot of work for your digestive system along the way. Your diet is the major source of fiber. The Health benefits of fiber are as follows.
- Helps prevent or treat constipation: Fiber adds bulk to stools that stimulate the intestine. Additionally, it allows for the easy passage and expulsion of stools.
- Helps reduce cholesterol: Fiber can help reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine and thus helps control blood cholesterol levels. A reduced blood cholesterol level cuts your risk of hypertension and heart disease.
- Keeps weight under check: Some high-fiber foods such as fruits and vegetables are low in calories. High-fiber foods make you feel fuller for a long time. Thus, reducing your food intake.
- Help keep blood sugar under control: Your body takes more time to break down fiber. This helps prevent spikes in blood sugar levels, especially when there is a large gap in meals.
- Lowers cancer risk: Many studies have reported anticancer properties of the fiber. A low-fiber diet is a known culprit in gut cancer.
To reap maximum benefits from the consumption of fiber, it is important to increase the intake of fiber in your diet gradually and not all at once. A sudden increase in fiber intake can cause bloating and cramps.
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends consuming about
- 14 grams of fiber for every 1,000 calories you consume daily or
- 25 grams of fiber for women and
- 38 grams for men.
Unfortunately, many Americans fall short of this requirement.
Total fiber (in grams)
|Legumes||Split peas (boiled)||1 cup||16|
|Lentils (boiled)||1 cup||15|
|Black beans (boiled)||1 cup||15|
|Nuts and seeds||Chia seeds||1 ounce||10|
|Pearl barley (cooked)||1 cup||6|
|Quinoa (cooked)||1 cup||6|
|Grains||Instant oatmeal (cooked)||1 cup||5|
|Air-popped popcorn||3 cups||3.5|
|Cooked brown rice||1 cup||3.5|
|Whole-wheat bread||1 slice||2|
|Vegetables||Green peas (boiled)||1 cup||9|
|Broccoli (boiled)||1 cup (chopped)||5|
|Turnip greens (boiled)||1 cup||5|
|Brussels sprouts (boiled)||1 cup||4|
|Sweet corn (boiled)||1 cup||3.5|
|Cauliflower (raw)||1 cup (chopped)||2|
|Carrot (raw)||1 mediums-sized||1.5|
Here are a few tips to improve your fiber intake.
- Eat fruits such as apples and pears along with their peels.
- To boost the fiber content of soups and salads, consider adding nuts, green peas, and kidney beans to them.
- Substitute fruits for sugary desserts to finish your meal.
- Use fruits and veggies as a snacking option instead of processed foods.
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Easy Ways to Boost Fiber in Your Daily Diet. https://www.eatright.org/food/vitamins-and-supplements/types-of-vitamins-and-nutrients/easy-ways-to-boost-fiber-in-your-daily-diet