What Happens If the Hypothalamus Is Damaged?

Reviewed on 12/3/2020

Hypothalamus is the head of all endocrine glands. It coordinates the functions of all endocrine glands in the body. The endocrine glands secrete their hormones (chemical messengers) directly into the blood. The hypothalamus controls a variety of body functions and hormones. Damage to the hypothalamus, whether at birth or acquired, will lead to significant health issues. Such as:

What is the hypothalamus?

Hypothalamus is a coordinating center of the endocrine system. The hypothalamus is responsible for balancing the body’s internal function. It helps to regulate:

Damage to the hypothalamus or the hypothalamic function, whether congenital or acquired, may cause significant health issues.

What are the causes of hypothalamic dysfunction?

There are several causes of hypothalamic dysfunction, which include:

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What are the symptoms of hypothalamic dysfunction?

The symptoms of hypothalamic dysfunction depend on the part of the hypothalamus affected and the types of hormones involved. The symptoms that could indicate a hypothalamic dysfunction include:

How to treat hypothalamic dysfunction?

Hypothalamic dysfunction management involves:

  • Medications to replace deficient hormones
  • Surgery or radiation to remove tumors
  • Medications to regulate appetite
  • Eating a well-balanced diet
  • Getting proper sleep for 8 hours
  • Regular exercise boosts the overall health

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References
Medline Plus. Hypothalamic dysfunction. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001202.htm

Myles IA. Fast Food Fever: Reviewing the Impacts of the Western Diet on Immunity. Nutr J. Published online June 17, 2014. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-61

University of Florida Health. Hypothalamic Dysfunction. https://ufhealth.org/hypothalamic-dysfunction

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