What is difference between Romanian deadlift and deadlift?

Reviewed on 4/7/2021

Deadlifts are effective strength exercises to build lower body strength, improve core strength, increase range of motion in the hips and knees, enhance joint stability, and improve bone density.
Deadlifts are effective strength exercises to build lower body strength, improve core strength, increase range of motion in the hips and knees, enhance joint stability, and improve bone density.

Deadlifts are effective strength exercises to build lower body strength, improve core strength, increase range of motion in the hips and knees, enhance joint stability, and improve bone density. There are several variations to the deadlift, such as the Romanian deadlift, making them a versatile exercise.

The deadlifts can be challenging to master, but the results are worth it. It can take time and effort to achieve the proper form and technique. It is advised to consult a physical trainer to learn the proper form. Those with medical conditions or injuries may consult with a doctor before starting with the exercise.

The muscles targeted by deadlifts are:

Difference between traditional deadlifts and Romanian deadlifts

Both traditional deadlifts and Romanian deadlifts are effective exercises. One type of deadlift is not completely superior to the other. However, there are some differences. The choice depends on what feels appropriate: your fitness goals, strengths, limitations, and comfort. Romanian targets the hamstrings more than the traditional deadlift, making them more effective for those who want to strengthen this area. Romanian deadlifts also exercise the glutes (buttocks) and forearm flexors. They also put less pressure on the low back; hence, it is ideal for people with back pain. Romanian deadlifts also help to increase hip mobility.

How to do a traditional deadlift?

  • Begin with a weight that is comfortable, like a standard 45-lb barbell.
  • You may gradually increase the weight.
  • Engage and tighten your core muscles and keep your chest open.
  • Allow your arms to hang down naturally.
  • Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart.
  • Bend your knees slightly, as this would help target your hamstrings and prevent knee strain.
  • Bend forward and take hold of the barbell.
  • Press your feet into the floor and come into a standing position while holding the barbell just below your hips.
  • Return to the starting position by squatting down to place the bar on the floor.

You can do three to five sets of one to six reps and gradually increase.

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How to do a Romanian deadlift?

  • Use an overhand grip to hold the bar at a hip level using an overhand grip.
  • Draw the shoulders back and keep your spine straight.
  • Come into a standing position, holding the barbell in front of your thighs.

How to avoid injury while doing deadlifts?

Deadlifts can not only help reduce lower back pain but also cause back, knee, or wrist injury. Some ways to avoid injury include:

  • Maintain proper form. You may consult a physical trainer to learn and correct your form.
  • Use a weight that is comfortable.
  • Use a weightlifting belt to support your low back.
  • Your core should be engaged during the exercise.
  • Keep the bar close to your body.
  • Keep your knees bent slightly to avoid knee injury.
  • Avoid jerky movements.
  • Use wrist braces.
  • Use lifting straps.
  • Stop exercising if you have pain or discomfort during or after the exercise.
  • Avoid exercising without consulting a doctor if you have sustained any injuries.

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References
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1728869X18301291

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