What Is Robotic Gynecologic Surgery?

Reviewed on 11/11/2020

Robotic gynecologic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery except for the way the surgeon operates.
Robotic gynecologic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery except for the way the surgeon operates.

Robotic gynecologic surgery refers to the latest innovation in minimally invasive surgical techniques. It uses a narrow, lighted scope and small instruments controlled by a robotic system to treat several conditions of the female reproductive system.

Robotic gynecologic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery except for the way the surgeon operates.

The advantages of robotic gynecologic surgery include:

Disadvantages of robotic gynecologic surgery include:

Why is robotic gynecologic surgery performed?

Robotic gynecologic surgery is indicated in:

Who shouldn’t undergo robotic gynecologic surgery?

Robotic gynecologic surgery should be avoided in:

  • Elderly patients
  • Patients unable to tolerate a particular positioning or the length of the procedure
  • Severe obesity
  • Severe scar tissues inside the abdomen

How is a gynecologic robotic surgery performed?

A robotic system includes:

  • A console at which the surgeon controls the scope and instruments using hand controls and view’s the scope’s images on a screen.
  • A robotic cart with arms that holds the instruments.
  • A camera that gives a 3D view of the surgical site, especially of the blood vessels
  • Wristed instruments that interpret the surgeon’s hand movements into precise micromovements to perform surgery.

Robotic-assisted procedures are usually performed when the patient is under general anesthesia. Seated at the console, the surgeon controls even the complex procedure through one or more small incisions with extreme perfection. The surgeon (console surgeon) controls the robotic system for any movements because it is not programmable.

Another significant part of this type of surgery is the assistant surgeon, who stands at the operating table next to the patient and manually controls additional tasks, such as fine stitching.

Robotic surgery is useful in:

What are the complications of robotic gynecologic surgery?

The complications of robotic gynecologic surgery include:

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References
https://utswmed.org/conditions-treatments/gynecologic-robotic-surgery/#:~:text=Gynecologic%20robotic%20surgery%20is%20one,affect%20a%20woman's%20reproductive%20organs.

https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/tog.12277

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/gynecological_services/treatments_services/minimally_invasive_gynecologic_robotic_surgery/

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