What Is the Most Effective Treatment For Tinnitus?

Reviewed on 3/22/2021

Tinnitus symptoms
There is no single best treatment for tinnitus. Tinnitus can be difficult to treat and often requires more than one treatment modality.

Treatment of tinnitus involves diagnosing and treating the underlying cause, treatments to mask or reduce the noise, coping mechanisms, and lifestyle medications. There is no single best treatment for tinnitus. Tinnitus can be difficult to treat and often requires more than one treatment modality. Treatment options include:

  1. Treating the underlying cause: Treating underlying may include:
  2. Noise suppression: The doctor may recommend using an electronic device to suppress the noise, such as white noise machines.
  3. Hearing aids: These are used to correct hearing loss.
  4. Masking devices: These are worn in the ear, which is similar to hearing aids, and they produce a continuous, low-level white noise that suppresses tinnitus symptoms.
  5. Tinnitus retraining: This is a wearable device that delivers individually programmed tonal music to mask specific frequencies of the tinnitus experienced by the patient.
  6. Medications: Medications cannot cure tinnitus, but medications such as tricyclic antidepressants and alprazolam may help reduce the severity of symptoms or complications.
  7. Nutritional supplements: These containing ginkgo Bilbao, zinc, and vitamin B may help reduce tinnitus.

What causes tinnitus?

Numerous health conditions can cause or worsen tinnitus. In many cases, an exact cause is never found.

Some common causes of tinnitus include:

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Lifestyle modifications and home remedies

Tinnitus can't be completely cured. Hence, certain coping mechanisms and lifestyle modifications can help make the condition more manageable. These include:

  • Avoid possible irritants that worsen tinnitus.
  • Masking the noise: Tinnitus is usually worse in a quiet setting. Hence, soft music or the sound of a fan can help mask the noise due to tinnitus.
  • Manage stress because stress can make tinnitus worse.
  • Reduce your alcohol consumption because alcohol increases blood flow, dilating the blood vessels in the inner ear.
  • Alternative therapies such as acupuncture or hypnosis may be tried, but there is not sufficient scientific evidence that they work for tinnitus.
  • Counseling, education, and emotional support are often required to help the individual cope with the stress, anxiety, or depression associated with the condition. Tinnitus can affect the quality of life, ability to focus, and ability to sleep, which can result in frustration.

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References
https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/tinnitus

https://medlineplus.gov/tinnitus.html

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