- What Is It?
- Live Without One
- Signs/ Symptoms
The brain is made up of two sides (hemispheres) known as the right and left cerebral hemispheres. Each hemisphere controls the limb movement and sensations in the opposite half of the body. The right brain is involved with abstract concepts and imagination, whereas the right brain is associated with calculations, navigation, and rational decisions. The corpus callosum is a band of nerve fibers that connects these two hemispheres. Its role is to integrate and transfer information from one half of the brain to another so that both process sensory, motor, and high-level cognitive signals. In short, the two halves of the brain communicate with each other through the corpus callosum.
What is agenesis of the corpus callosum?
What causes agenesis of the corpus callosum?
The exact cause of agenesis of the corpus callosum is unknown. The possible causes include:
How is agenesis of the corpus callosum diagnosed?
What are the signs and symptoms of agenesis of the corpus callosum?
Apart from epileptic seizures, other signs and symptoms of agenesis of the corpus callosum may begin early in life. These include:
- Feeding problems
- Delay in holding the head erect
- Delay in learning to sit, stand, and walk
- Impairment of mental and physical development
- Hydrocephalus (an accumulation of fluid in the skull)
- Non-progressive mental retardation
- Impaired hand-eye coordination
- Memory impairment
Sometimes, the child may not exhibit any signs or symptoms for many of their initial years. The condition may also get diagnosed as late as in old age.
What is the treatment for agenesis of the corpus callosum?
There is no treatment available specifically for agenesis of the corpus callosum. The underdeveloped corpus callosum remains the same throughout life. Doctors can only treat the symptoms such as seizures with medications. Supportive therapies include:
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Agenesis of Corpus Callosum. https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/agenesis-of-corpus-callosum/
Pediatric Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum. https://childrensnational.org/visit/conditions-and-treatments/prenatal-care-pregnancy/agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum