Who Is at a High Risk of Colon Cancer?

Reviewed on 4/15/2021

Colon cancer affects men and women equally. It is more common among people who are 50 years and older but can rarely occur in teenagers as well.
Colon cancer affects men and women equally. It is more common among people who are 50 years and older but can rarely occur in teenagers as well.

Colon cancer affects men and women equally. It is more common among people who are 50 years and older but can rarely occur in teenagers as well. Although some factors can increase the risk of colon cancer, over 75 percent of colon cancer occurs in people with no known risk factors. Risk factors for colon cancer are described below.

Non-modifiable risk factors:

Modifiable risk factors:

Lifestyle-related factors:

Being overweight or obese

Physically inactive

A diet high in red meats and processed meats

Smoking tobacco for a long time

Moderate to heavy alcohol use

A diet low in fruits and vegetables

Factors with insufficient evidence on colon cancer risk:

Night shift work (studies have suggested that working a night shift regularly might increase the risk of colon cancer)

Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen or prostate to treat previous cancers

What are the ways to reduce the risk of colon cancer?

You can reduce the risk of colon cancer in the following ways:

  • Get yourself screened: Getting regular screening can detect the tumor at an early stage when it is treatable. Screening regularly for colon cancer after turning 50 years should be included in your health checkup screening. If you have a family history of colon cancer or other risk factors, it is advisable to screen regularly from a young age and get tested more often. Some of the screening tests include:
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Weight gain has been linked to different types of cancer. Hence, it is important to stay fit and be in a healthy weight range.
  • Quit smoking: Like obesity, smoking is associated with severe medical conditions and at least 14 different cancers. Therefore, what else reason do you need to quit smoking!
  • Be physically active: Always aim for 30 minutes of moderate activities such as brisk walking, cycling, dancing, or gardening.
  • Drink only moderately, if at all: Alcohol is known to improve heart health when a person drinks in moderation. However, heavy and harmful drinking is known to increase the risk of colon and other cancers.
  • Get enough calcium and vitamin D: Aim for 1,000-1,200 mg of calcium and 1,000 international units (IU) of vitamin per day.
  • Limit red meat and processed meat: Limit red meat and processed meat to not more than three servings per week.
  • Consider a multivitamin with folate: A standard multivitamin with folate has been proven beneficial to lower the risk of colon cancer.

QUESTION

What percentage of the human body is water? See Answer

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

References
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

https://coloncancercoalition.org/get-educated/what-you-need-to-know/who-is-at-risk/

https://siteman.wustl.edu/prevention/take-proactive-control/8-ways-to-prevent-colon-cancer/

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors