While being tired occasionally isn’t really a big deal, persistence drowsiness can have serious effects on your health. It’s important to be aware of the signs of excessive daytime sleepiness and factors that may be causing it.
Sleepiness caused by sleep deprivation or disorders
Some of the common reasons for excessive daytime sleepiness include:
- Failure to prioritize sleep: Staying up late to watch TV or waking up early even though you haven’t gotten enough sleep can cause drowsiness that accumulates over time. Lack of sleep over an extended period can lead to insufficient sleep syndrome.
- Insomnia: Insomnia is a disorder that can make it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep for as long as you need or want. It can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness.
- Sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea is a breathing disorder where something that is blocking your air passage during the night disrupts your breathing and thus your sleep.
- Snoring: Snoring has often been linked to poor nighttime sleep quality due to frequent disruption in your sleep cycles.
- Restless leg syndrome: This is a condition that causes a strong urge to move one’s legs or other extremities, disrupting total sleep time and sleep quality.
- Poor sleep quality: Not getting enough sleep is not just about the amount of sleep but also the quality of sleep. People who don’t go through sleep cycles smoothly may not get enough deep sleep and may not wake up feeling refreshed even after sleeping for the recommended number of hours.
- Pain: Pain caused by arthritis, fibromyalgia, or herniated discs can complicate sleep and make a person drowsy during the day.
- Frequent nighttime urination: Also known as nocturia, frequent nighttime urination is when you need to wake up multiple times in the middle of the night to go pee.
Sleepiness caused by other medical and brain conditions
Medications, mental health disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, neurodevelopmental disorders, and other health problems can cause daytime drowsiness.
- Medications may include:
- Mental health disorders may include:
- Neurodegenerative diseases may include:
- Neurodevelopmental disorders may include:
- Other medical conditions may include: