Why Is Salpingo-Oophorectomy Done?

Reviewed on 11/10/2020

Salpingo-oophorectomy is the procedure done to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes
Salpingo-oophorectomy is the procedure done to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes

Doctors may usually consider a salpingo-oophorectomy for the pathology involving the woman’s reproductive organs. It is an approach used if other less invasive alternatives have been ineffective or failed.

Salpingo-oophorectomy is the procedure done to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes in

This procedure is also recommended in patients with:

If one fallopian tube is removed with one ovary, the surgery is a unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. If both the fallopian tubes are removed with both the ovaries, it is a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.

How is salpingo-oophorectomy performed?

The doctor may perform salpingo-oophorectomy under general or regional anesthesia. Below are common surgical approaches:

  • Open abdominal oophorectomy: It involves removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes through a five- to seven-inch cut in the lower part of the belly. The cut may be vertical or horizontal. Open surgery allows the doctor to directly see and access the surgical area; however, it involves a longer recovery period and more pain. Open surgery requires a larger cut and more displacement of the muscles and other tissues. Despite this, open surgery may be a safer or more effective method for certain patients.
  • Laparoscopic oophorectomy: It involves the removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes through several small incisions in the abdomen. Usually, the doctor inserts a small tube fitted with a special camera and other surgical instruments through the small incisions to remove the ovaries. The camera transmits pictures of the inside of your body to a video screen. The doctor sees the inside of your abdomen on the screen while performing the surgery. Minimally invasive surgery generally involves a faster recovery and less pain than open surgery. A vaginal approach can also be performed, especially when combined with removing the uterus.
  • Robotic approach: Robotic salpingo-oophorectomy is a similar procedure to laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy. During robotic salpingo-oophorectomy, a robotic arm, operated by an experienced gynecological surgeon, will be used to locate and remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

The doctor may advise which procedure is the best based on a patient’s diagnosis, age, medical history, general health, and possibly personal preference.

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What are the risks involved in a salpingo-oophorectomy procedure?

Common risks involved in salpingo-oophorectomy include:

Oophorectomy results in early menopause. Menopause symptoms and complications include:

What is the recovery period after a salpingo-oophorectomy procedure?

The recovery period after salpingo-oophorectomy depends on the type of procedure.

Laparoscopic or robotic salpingo-oophorectomy may be performed on an outpatient basis, and patients may go home on the same night. Some patients with laparoscopic or robotic salpingo-oophorectomy will need an overnight hospital stay. It can take approximately three weeks to return to the normal activity level after laparoscopic or robotic salpingo-oophorectomy.

In open salpingo-oophorectomy, patients may need to recover in the hospital for a few days after the surgery. It can take up to eight weeks to return to the normal activity level after open salpingo-oophorectomy.

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References
Salpingo-Oophorectomy: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1894587-overview

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